Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Corvidae > Corvus > Corvus corax

Corvus corax (Northern Raven; Common Raven)

Language: French; Spanish

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
8
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.74527
EDGE Score: 1.32049

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.683 lbs (1.217 kg)
Birth Weight [3]  25 grams
Female Weight [1]  2.46 lbs (1.116 kg)
Male Weight [1]  2.908 lbs (1.319 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  18.2 %
Breeding Habitat [2]  Generalist, Agricultural
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Generalist, Agricultural
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore, Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Ectothermic [4]  10 %
Diet - Endothermic [4]  20 %
Diet - Fish [4]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [4]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  10 %
Diet - Plants [4]  10 %
Diet - Scavenger [4]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  10 %
Forages - Aerial [4]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [4]  10 %
Forages - Ground [4]  80 %
Clutch Size [6]  5
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Fledging [5]  42 days
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  28,000,000
Incubation [3]  19 days
Mating System [7]  Monogamy
Maximum Longevity [3]  69 years
Snout to Vent Length [5]  25 inches (64 cm)
Speed [8]  31.988 MPH (14.3 m/s)
Wing Span [8]  3.969 feet (1.21 m)
Female Maturity [3]  3 years
Male Maturity [3]  3 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

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Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Habitat Vegetation Classification

Name Location  Website 
Great Basin-Intermountain Ruderal Dry Shrubland & Grassland Canada (Saskatchewan); United States (South Dakota, North Dakota, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Washington, Wyoming, Oregon, Nevada, Montana, Utah, California, Idaho)

Emblem of

Bhutan
Yukon Territory

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

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Predators

Consumers

Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Storchová, Lenka; Hořák, David (2018), Data from: Life-history characteristics of European birds, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.n6k3n
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
6Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
7Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
8Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
9Ecology of Commanster
10Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
11Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection
12SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR SAGE SPARROW (AMPHISPIZA BELLI) IN WYOMING, PAULA L. HANSLEY AND DR. GARY P. BEAUVAIS, United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, September 2004
13SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR PYGMY RABBIT (BRACHYLAGUS IDAHOENSIS) IN WYOMING, DOUGLAS A. KEINATH AND MATTHEW MCGEE, United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management Wyoming State Office Cheyenne, Wyoming (2004)
14Patterns of frugivory, seed dispersal and predation of blue fan palms (Brahea armata) in oases of northern Baja California, E.V. Wehncke, X.L. Medellín, E. Ezcurra, Journal of Arid Environments 73 (2009) 773–783
15"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
16Myotis vivesi, Brad R. Blood and Mary K. Clark, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 588, pp. 1-5 (1998)
17Dormancy and endozoochorous dispersal of Opuntia rastrera seeds in the southern Chihuahuan Desert, Maria del Carmen Mandujano, Jordan Golubov & Carlos Montaña, Journal of Arid Environments (1997) 36: 259–266
18Keitt, B.S., Tershy, B.R. & Croll, D.A. 2000. Black-vented Shearwater (Puffinus opisthomelas) In: Poole, A. & Gill, F. (Eds). The birds of North America. No. 521. Philadelphia & Washington, DC: Academy of Natural Sciences & the American Ornithologists’ Union.
19Spermophilus townsendii, Eric A. Rickart, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 268, pp. 1-6 (1987)
20Golden Eagles on the Swedish mountain tundra – diet and breeding success in relation to prey fluctuations, Jesper Nyström, Johan Ekenstedt, Anders Angerbjörn, Linda Thulin, Peter Hellström & Love Dalén, Ornis Fennica 83:145–152. 2006
21Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
22International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0