Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Mustelidae > Martes > Martes americana

Martes americana (American Marten; marten)

Synonyms: Mustela americanus
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The American marten or American pine marten (Martes americana) is a North American member of the family Mustelidae, sometimes referred to as the pine marten. The name "pine marten" is derived from the common but distinct Eurasian species of Martes. It differs from the fisher (Martes pennanti) in that it is smaller in size and lighter in colour.
View Wikipedia Record: Martes americana


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.28
EDGE Score: 2.33


Adult Weight [1]  1.57 lbs (712 g)
Birth Weight [2]  30 grams
Female Weight [1]  1.246 lbs (565 g)
Male Weight [1]  1.896 lbs (860 g)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  52.2 %
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Endothermic [3]  60 %
Diet - Fruit [3]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Scavenger [3]  10 %
Forages - Scansorial [3]  100 %
Female Maturity [2]  1 year
Male Maturity [2]  1 year
Gestation [2]  28 days
Litter Size [2]  3
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  18 years
Nocturnal [4]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [5]  17 inches (42 cm)
Weaning [2]  46 days
Habitat Substrate [4]  Arboreal


Protected Areas


Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Habitat Vegetation Classification

Name Location  Website 
Lowland Red Spruce - Fir Forest Canada (New Brunswick); United States (Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, New York, Massachusetts)
Montane Red Spruce - Fir Forest United States (New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York, Vermont, Maine); Canada (New Brunswick)

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap



Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Martes americana, Tim W. Clark, Elaine Anderson, Carman Douglas, and Marjorie Strickland, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 289, pp. 1-8 (1987)
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
5Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service
8Neotoma cinerea, Felisa A. Smith, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 564, pp. 1-8 (1997)
9Spermophilus saturatus, Stephan C. Trombulak, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 322, pp. 1-4 (1988)
10Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection
11Lepus townsendii, Burton K. Lim, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 288, pp. 1-6 (1987)
12Microtus richardsoni, Daniel R. Ludwig, Mammalian Species No. 223, pp. 1-6 (1984)
13Microtus xanthognathus, Chris J. Conroy and Joseph A. Cook, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 627, pp. 1-5 (1999)
14Mustela frenata, Steven R. Sheffield and Howard H. Thomas, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 570, pp. 1-9 (1997)
15Clethrionomys californicus, Lois F. Alexander and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 406, pp. 1-6 (1992)
16Responses of pikas (Ochotona princeps, Lagomorpha) to naturally occurring terrestrial predators, Barbara L. Ivins and Andrew T. Smith, Behav Ecol Sociobiol (1983) 13:277-285
17Phenacomys intermedius, James A. McAllister and Robert S. Hoffman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 305, pp. 1-8 (1988)
19Scapanus latimanus, B. J. Verts and Leslie N. Carraway, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 666, pp. 1–7 (2001)
20Thomomys bottae, Cheri A. Jones and Colleen N. Baxter, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 742, pp. 1–14 (2004)
21Spermophilus beldingi, Stephen H. Jenkins and Bruce D. Eshelman, Mammalian Species No. 221, pp. 1-8 (1984)
22Spermophilus columbianus, Charles L. Elliott and Jerran T. Flinders, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 372, pp. 1-9 (1991)
23International Flea Database
24Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
25Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0