Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Sittidae > Sitta > Sitta carolinensis

Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The white-breasted nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis) is a small songbird of the nuthatch family which breeds in old-growth woodland across much of temperate North America. It is a stocky bird, with a large head, short tail, powerful bill, and strong feet. The upperparts are pale blue-gray, and the face and underparts are white. It has a black cap and a chestnut lower belly. The nine subspecies differ mainly in the color of the body plumage.
View Wikipedia Record: Sitta carolinensis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
27
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.5435
EDGE Score: 2.5292

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  21 grams
Birth Weight [3]  2 grams
Female Weight [5]  20 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests, Temperate western forests, Mexican pine-oak forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests, Temperate western forests, Mexican pine-oak forests
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  50 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  50 %
Clutch Size [6]  7
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Fledging [5]  15 days
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  10,000,000
Incubation [1]  12 days
Mating System [3]  Monogamy
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (224)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Habitat Vegetation Classification

Name Location  Website 
Northern Hardwood Forest Canada (New Brunswick); United States (Maine, Vermont, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York)
Transitional Northern Hardwood Forest Canada (Ontario); United States (Pennsylvania, New York, Massachusetts, New Jersey)

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[8]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[7]
Otus asio (Eastern Screech-Owl)[8]

Providers

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ceratophyllus idius[9]

Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
6Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
7Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0