Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Picidae > Dendrocopos > Dendrocopos pubescens

Dendrocopos pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)


Wikipedia Abstract

The downy woodpecker (Dryobates pubescens) is a species of woodpecker, the smallest in North America.
View Wikipedia Record: Dendrocopos pubescens

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.02557
EDGE Score: 1.79601


Adult Weight [1]  28 grams
Birth Weight [3]  2 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Forests
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [4]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  80 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [4]  40 %
Forages - Mid-High [4]  40 %
Forages - Understory [4]  20 %
Clutch Size [5]  5
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Fledging [1]  22 days
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  13,000,000
Incubation [3]  12 days
Mating Display [6]  Non-acrobatic aerial display
Mating System [6]  Monogamy
Maximum Longevity [3]  12 years
Snout to Vent Length [1]  6 inches (16 cm)
Speed [7]  19.014 MPH (8.5 m/s)
Wing Span [7]  12 inches (.308 m)
Female Maturity [3]  1 year
Male Maturity [3]  1 year


Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (252)


Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Habitat Vegetation Classification

Name Location  Website 
Louisiana Longleaf Pine Fleming Glade United States (Louisiana)
Northeast Red Maple Acidic Swamp Forest Canada; United States (New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Vermont)
Northern Hardwood Forest Canada (New Brunswick); United States (Maine, Vermont, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York)
Slash Pine Managed Forest United States (Georgia, South Carolina, Florida, North Carolina, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama)
Transitional Northern Hardwood Forest Canada (Ontario); United States (Pennsylvania, New York, Massachusetts, New Jersey)
Upper West Gulf Coastal Plain Ruderal Loblolly Pine - Shortleaf Pine Forest United States (Arkansas, Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana)
Upper West Gulf Coastal Plain Shortleaf Pine - Loblolly Pine Naturally Mixed Forest United States (Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Clayey Longleaf Pine Woodland (Dry Type) United States (Louisiana, Texas)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Dry Loblolly Pine - Hardwood Forest United States (Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Dry-Mesic Upland Longleaf Pine Woodland United States (Texas, Louisiana)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Fire-Infrequent Xeric Longleaf Pine Sandhill Woodland United States (Texas, Louisiana)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Fire-Suppressed Longleaf - Mixed Pine Forest United States (Louisiana, Texas)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Managed Loblolly Pine Forest United States (Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Mesic Loblolly Pine - Mixed Hardwood Forest United States (Louisiana, Arkansas, Texas)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Mesic Upland Longleaf Pine Woodland United States (Louisiana, Texas)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Ruderal Longleaf Pine Flatwoods, Fire-Suppressed Phase United States (Texas, Louisiana)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Ruderal Slash Pine Wet Woodland United States (Texas, Louisiana)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Shortleaf Pine - Post Oak Forest United States (Arkansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Louisiana)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Subcalcareous Pine - Hardwood Slope & Stream Bottom Forest United States (Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Xeric Upland Shortleaf Pine - Oak Woodland United States (Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma)

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[10]
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)[10]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[8]
Otus asio (Eastern Screech-Owl)[10]
Strix varia (Barred Owl)[10]


Platanus mexicana (American sycamore)[8]
Robinia pseudoacacia (Post locust)[8]
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)[8]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[8]
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)[8]


External References

NatureServe Explorer


Play / PauseVolume
Provided by Birds Of A Feather on Myxer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
8Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
9Characteristics of Some Fruiting Plant Species in Northwest Arkansas, and the Avian Assemblages that Feed on Them, John W. Prather, Kimberly G. Smith, Michael A. Mlodinow, Cecilia M. Riley, Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science,Vol. 54, 2000, pp. 103-108
10Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
11International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0