Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Meleagris > Meleagris gallopavo

Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)

Synonyms: Ardea sellardsi
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) is an upland ground bird native to North America and is the heaviest member of the diverse Galliformes. It is the same species as the domestic turkey, which was originally derived from a southern Mexican subspecies of wild turkey (not the related ocellated turkey). Although native to North America, the turkey probably got its name from the domesticated variety being imported to Britain in ships coming from the Levant via Spain. The British at the time therefore associated the wild turkey with the country Turkey and the name prevails.
View Wikipedia Record: Meleagris gallopavo


Meleagris gallopavo gallopavo (Mexican wild turkey)
Meleagris gallopavo intermedia (Rio Grande wild turkey)
Meleagris gallopavo merriami (Mexican wild turkey)
Meleagris gallopavo mexicana (Mexican wild turkey)
Meleagris gallopavo osceola (Florida wild turkey)
Meleagris gallopavo silvestris (Southeastern wild turkey) (Attributes)
Meleagris gallopavo tularosa
Meleagris gallopavo type

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.19075
EDGE Score: 2.32148


Adult Weight [1]  13.503 lbs (6.125 kg)
Birth Weight [3]  47 grams
Female Weight [5]  9.48 lbs (4.30 kg)
Male Weight [5]  16.314 lbs (7.40 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [5]  72.1 %
Breeding Habitat [2]  Forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Forests
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [4]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  20 %
Diet - Plants [4]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  20 %
Forages - Understory [4]  10 %
Forages - Ground [4]  90 %
Clutch Size [6]  11
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Fledging [5]  14 days
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  7,800,000
Incubation [3]  28 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  13 years
Snout to Vent Length [5]  34 inches (86 cm)
Wing Span [7]  3.903 feet (1.19 m)
Female Maturity [3]  10 months 4 days
Male Maturity [3]  1 year


Protected Areas

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Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Habitat Vegetation Classification

Name Location  Website 
Black Oak - White Oak - Hickory Forest Canada (Ontario); United States (Missouri, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa)
Blue Ridge Table Mountain Pine - Pitch Pine Woodland (Typic Type) United States (Tennessee, South Carolina, North Carolina, Georgia, Kentucky, Virginia)
Central Limestone Glade United States (Virginia, Indiana, Ohio, Tennessee, Kentucky, Alabama, Illinois, Georgia)
Central Post Oak Dry Barrens United States (Arkansas, Indiana, Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky)
Central Shale Glade United States (Kentucky, Missouri, Illinois, Ohio, Indiana)
Hemlock - Spruce - Hardwood Forest Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia); United States (Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, Maine)
Interior Highlands Shortleaf Pine - Black Oak Forest United States (Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, Oklahoma)
Interior Low Plateau Beech - Maple Forest United States (Alabama, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Tennessee, Illinois, Missouri)
Interior Low Plateau Chestnut Oak Forest United States (Tennessee, Ohio, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana)
Midwest Post Oak - Blackjack Oak Forest United States (Oklahoma, Missouri, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana, Arkansas)
Northern Hardwood Forest Canada (New Brunswick); United States (Maine, Vermont, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York)
Northern Sugar Maple - Ash Rich Mesic Forest United States (Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, Maine); Canada (New Brunswick, Ontario)
Post Oak - White Oak Dry-Mesic Barrens United States (Illinois)
Shawnee Sandstone Glade United States (Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky)
Southern Red Oak - Mixed Oak Forest United States (Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee)
Transitional Northern Hardwood Forest Canada (Ontario); United States (Pennsylvania, New York, Massachusetts, New Jersey)
Transitional Northern Sugar Maple - Ash Rich Mesic Forest Canada (Ontario); United States (New Jersey, Rhode Island, New York, Connecticut, Virginia, Massachusetts, West Virginia, Pennsylvania)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Wet Longleaf Pine Savanna (High Terraces Type) United States (Louisiana)
White Oak - Mixed Oak Dry-Mesic Alkaline Forest United States (Indiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, Illinois, Alabama, Arkansas)

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

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Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


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Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot


Attributes / relations provided by
1Storchová, Lenka; Hořák, David (2018), Data from: Life-history characteristics of European birds, Dryad, Dataset,
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
6Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
8Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
11International Flea Database
12Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0