Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Cardinalidae > Cardinalis > Cardinalis cardinalis

Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)

Synonyms: Loxia cardinalis (homotypic); Richmondena cardinalis
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) is a North American bird in the genus Cardinalis; it is also known colloquially as the redbird or common cardinal. It can be found in southern Canada, through the eastern United States from Maine to Texas and south through Mexico. It is found in woodlands, gardens, shrublands, and swamps.
View Wikipedia Record: Cardinalis cardinalis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
21
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.16819
EDGE Score: 2.10025

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  43 grams
Birth Weight [3]  4 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests, Tropical dry forests, Desert scrub
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests, Tropical dry forests, Desert scrub
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [4]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  20 %
Diet - Plants [4]  70 %
Forages - Canopy [4]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [4]  20 %
Forages - Understory [4]  20 %
Forages - Ground [4]  40 %
Clutch Size [5]  4
Clutches / Year [3]  2
Fledging [1]  14 days
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  150,000,000
Incubation [3]  12 days
Mating Display [6]  Ground and non-acrobatic aerial display
Mating System [6]  Monogamy
Maximum Longevity [3]  29 years
Female Maturity [3]  1 year
Male Maturity [3]  1 year

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (154)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Emblem of

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

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Predators

Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[9]
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)[7]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[7]
Glaucidium brasilianum cactorum (cactus ferruginous pygmy-owl)[10]

Providers

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Dispharynx nasuta[11]
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)[7]
Orthoskrjabinia rostellata <Unverified Name>[11]

External References

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
7Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
8"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10The Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl: Taxonomy, Distribution, and Natural History, Jean-Luc E. Cartron, W. Scott Richardson, Glenn A. Proudfoot, USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-43. 2000
11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0