Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Picidae > Dryocopus > Dryocopus pileatus

Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)

Synonyms: Picus pileatus (homotypic)
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The pileated woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus) is a large woodpecker native to North America. Roughly crow-sized, it normally inhabits deciduous forests in eastern North America, the Great Lakes, the boreal forests of Canada, and parts of the Pacific coast. It is the second largest woodpecker in the United States, after the critically endangered and possibly extinct ivory-billed woodpecker.
View Wikipedia Record: Dryocopus pileatus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.91216
EDGE Score: 1.59171


Adult Weight [1]  290 grams
Birth Weight [3]  11 grams
Female Weight [6]  270 grams
Male Weight [6]  305 grams
Weight Dimorphism [6]  13 %
Breeding Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests, Temperate western forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests, Temperate western forests
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [4]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  70 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [4]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [4]  30 %
Forages - Understory [4]  30 %
Forages - Ground [4]  20 %
Clutch Size [7]  3
Clutches / Year [5]  1
Fledging [1]  27 days
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  2,600,000
Incubation [5]  18 days
Mating Display [3]  Ground display (mostly)
Maximum Longevity [5]  13 years
Snout to Vent Length [1]  17 inches (44 cm)
Speed [8]  22.146 MPH (9.9 m/s)
Female Maturity [5]  11 months 24 days
Male Maturity [5]  1 year


Protected Areas

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Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Habitat Vegetation Classification

Name Location  Website 
Black Oak - White Oak - Hickory Forest Canada (Ontario); United States (Missouri, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa)
Fraxinus pennsylvanica - Ulmus crassifolia - Celtis laevigata Floodplain Forest United States (Oklahoma, Arkansas)
Hemlock - Spruce - Hardwood Forest Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia); United States (Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, Maine)
Interior Low Plateau Beech - Maple Forest United States (Alabama, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Tennessee, Illinois, Missouri)
Louisiana Longleaf Pine Fleming Glade United States (Louisiana)
Northeast Red Maple Acidic Swamp Forest Canada; United States (New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Vermont)
Pond-cypress Depression Forest United States (North Carolina, Georgia, South Carolina, Mississippi, Louisiana, Alabama, Florida)
River Birch - Sycamore Small River Floodplain Forest United States (Oklahoma, Iowa, Kentucky, Arkansas, Indiana, Illinois, West Virginia, Missouri, Ohio)
Slash Pine Managed Forest United States (Georgia, South Carolina, Florida, North Carolina, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama)
Southern Red Oak - Mixed Oak Forest United States (Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee)
Upper West Gulf Coastal Plain Ruderal Loblolly Pine - Shortleaf Pine Forest United States (Arkansas, Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana)
Upper West Gulf Coastal Plain Shortleaf Pine - Loblolly Pine Naturally Mixed Forest United States (Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Clayey Longleaf Pine Woodland (Dry Type) United States (Louisiana, Texas)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Dry Loblolly Pine - Hardwood Forest United States (Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Dry-Mesic Upland Longleaf Pine Woodland United States (Texas, Louisiana)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Fire-Infrequent Xeric Longleaf Pine Sandhill Woodland United States (Texas, Louisiana)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Fire-Suppressed Longleaf - Mixed Pine Forest United States (Louisiana, Texas)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Managed Loblolly Pine Forest United States (Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Mesic Loblolly Pine - Mixed Hardwood Forest United States (Louisiana, Arkansas, Texas)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Mesic Upland Longleaf Pine Woodland United States (Louisiana, Texas)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Ruderal Longleaf Pine Flatwoods, Fire-Suppressed Phase United States (Texas, Louisiana)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Ruderal Slash Pine Wet Woodland United States (Texas, Louisiana)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Shortleaf Pine - Post Oak Forest United States (Arkansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Louisiana)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Subcalcareous Pine - Hardwood Slope & Stream Bottom Forest United States (Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Wet Longleaf Pine Savanna (High Terraces Type) United States (Louisiana)
West Gulf Coastal Plain Xeric Upland Shortleaf Pine - Oak Woodland United States (Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma)
White Oak - Mixed Oak Dry-Mesic Alkaline Forest United States (Indiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, Illinois, Alabama, Arkansas)
White Pine - Red Pine Forest Canada (New Brunswick); United States (New York, Vermont, Maine, New Hampshire)

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[10]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[9]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[10]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[9]



Parasitized by 
Capillaria longistriata <Unverified Name>[11]

Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Play / PauseVolume
Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot


Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
6Bull, EL, and JE Jackson. 1995. Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus). In A. Poole and F. Gill, editors. The birds of North America, No. 148. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, DC, USA
7Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
9Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
10Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0