Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Hirundinidae > Hirundo > Hirundo rustica

Hirundo rustica (Barn Swallow)

Synonyms: Chelidon rustica
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) is the most widespread species of swallow in the world. It is a distinctive passerine bird with blue upperparts, a long, deeply forked tail and curved, pointed wings. It is found in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas. In Anglophone Europe it is just called the swallow; in Northern Europe it is the only common species called a "swallow" rather than a "martin".
View Wikipedia Record: Hirundo rustica

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
11
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.33483
EDGE Score: 1.46668

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  19 grams
Birth Weight [3]  2 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Generalist, Agricultural
Wintering Geography [2]  S. American Lowlands
Wintering Habitat [2]  Generalist, Agricultural
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [4]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  80 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [4]  40 %
Forages - Understory [4]  30 %
Forages - Ground [4]  30 %
Clutch Size [6]  4
Clutches / Year [3]  2
Fledging [5]  21 days
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  150,000,000
Incubation [3]  15 days
Mating System [8]  Monogamy (mostly)
Maximum Longevity [3]  16 years
Migration [7]  Intercontinental
Speed [9]  22.369 MPH (10 m/s)
Wing Span [9]  13 inches (.32 m)
Female Maturity [3]  1 year
Male Maturity [3]  1 year

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

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Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Emblem of

Austria
Estonia

Prey / Diet

Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)[10]
Mesembrina meridiana (Mid-day Fly)[10]
Stenurella melanura[10]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)[10]
Falco columbarius (Merlin)[10]
Falco subbuteo (Northern Hobby)[10]

Consumers