Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Alaudidae > Alauda > Alauda arvensis

Alauda arvensis (Sky Lark; Eurasian Skylark)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Eurasian skylark (Alauda arvensis) is a small passerine bird species. The current genus name is from Latin alauda, "lark". Pliny thought the word was originally of Celtic origin. The specific arvensis is also Latin, and means "of the field".
View Wikipedia Record: Alauda arvensis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
17
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.45137
EDGE Score: 1.86429

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  38 grams
Birth Weight [1]  3.35 grams
Female Weight [3]  35 grams
Male Weight [3]  39 grams
Weight Dimorphism [3]  11.4 %
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  40 %
Diet - Plants [2]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  40 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Clutch Size [6]  23
Clutches / Year [4]  1
Fledging [3]  15 days
Global Population (2017 est.) [5]  20,000,000
Incubation [4]  11 days
Mating Display [7]  Ground and non-acrobatic aerial display
Mating System [7]  Monogamy
Maximum Longevity [4]  10 years
Speed [8]  33.778 MPH (15.1 m/s)
Wing Span [8]  14 inches (.35 m)
Female Maturity [4]  1 year
Male Maturity [4]  1 year
Wintering Geography [5]  Non-migrartory

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

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Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[10]
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)[9]
Circus pygargus (Montagu's Harrier)[11]
Falco columbarius (Merlin)[9]
Falco subbuteo (Northern Hobby)[9]

Consumers

Range Map

External References

Audio

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Provided by Avisoft Bioacoustics © Author: Raimund Specht

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Storchová, Lenka; Hořák, David (2018), Data from: Life-history characteristics of European birds, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.n6k3n
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
5Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
6Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
7Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
8Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
9Ecology of Commanster
10Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
11Comparative breeding biology of Hen Harrier and Montagu’s Harrier: an 8-year study in north-eastern France, A. MILLON, J.-L. BOURRIOUX, C. RIOLS & V. BRETAGNOLLE, Ibis (2002), 144, 94–105
12Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
13International Flea Database
14Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0