Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Antilocapridae > Antilocapra > Antilocapra americana

Antilocapra americana (pronghorn)

Synonyms: Antilocapra anteflexa; Antilope americana; Capra americana; Neomeryx finni
Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The pronghorn (pronounced /ˈprɔŋˌhorn, ˈprɑŋ-/) (Antilocapra americana) is a species of artiodactyl mammal indigenous to interior western and central North America. Though not an antelope, it is often known colloquially in North America as the American antelope, prong buck, pronghorn antelope, or simply antelope because it closely resembles the true antelopes of the Old World and fills a similar ecological niche due to parallel evolution.
View Wikipedia Record: Antilocapra americana


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 23.13
EDGE Score: 3.18


Adult Weight [1]  101.634 lbs (46.10 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  6.614 lbs (3.00 kg)
Male Weight [3]  136.026 lbs (61.70 kg)
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Gestation [1]  7 months 25 days
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  16 years
Nocturnal [4]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [3]  4.625 feet (141 cm)
Speed [5]  55.028 MPH (24.6 m/s)
Weaning [1]  3 months 1 day


Protected Areas


Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[8]
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)[8]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[7]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[8]


Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
5Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
6Evaluating Diet Composition of Pronghorn in Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota, CHRISTOPHER N. JACQUES, JARET D. SIEVERS, JONATHAN A. JENKS, CHAD L. SEXTON, and DANIEL E. RODDY, The Prairie Naturalist 38(4): December 2006, pp. 239-250
7The Sagebrush Sea by Cornell Lab of Ornithology
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
10Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0