Animalia > Chordata > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Cyprinus > Cyprinus carpio

Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)


Wikipedia Abstract

The common carp or European carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a widespread freshwater fish of eutrophic waters in lakes and large rivers in Europe and Asia. The wild populations are considered vulnerable to extinction, but the species has also been domesticated and introduced into environments worldwide, and is often considered a destructive invasive species, being included in the List of the world's 100 worst invasive species. It gives its name to the carp family Cyprinidae. The species is listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN.
View Wikipedia Record: Cyprinus carpio


Endangered Species

Status: Vulnerable
View IUCN Record: Cyprinus carpio

Invasive Species

View ISSG Record: Cyprinus carpio


Adult Length [2]  3.936 feet (120 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Phyto-lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Gestation [3]  4 days
Litter Size [2]  300,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  47 years
Migration [4]  Potamodromous
Water Biome [1]  Benthic, Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams
Adult Weight [3]  23.369 lbs (10.60 kg)
Diet [1]  Omnivore
Female Maturity [2]  3 years
Male Maturity [3]  3 years


Protected Areas


Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap




Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
5Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8Crowned eagles rarely prey on livestock in central Argentina: persecution is not justified, José Hernán Sarasola, Miguel Ángel Santillán, Maximiliano Adrián Galmes, Endangered Species Research 11: 207–213, 2010
9Feeding of Hoplias malabaricus in the wetlands of Dulce river (Córdoba, Argentina), María de los Angeles Bistoni, José Gustavo Haro & Mercedes Gutiérrez, Hydrobiologia 316: 103-107, 1995.
10Robert Gwiazda, Dariusz Bukaciński, Grzegorz Neubauer, Marcin Faber, Jacek Betleja, Magdalena Zagalska-Neubauer, Monika Bukacińska & Przemysław Chylarecki, Diet composition of the Caspian Gull (Larus cachinnans) in inland Poland: effects of breeding area, breeding stage and sympatric breeding with the Herring Gull (Larus argentatus), Ornis Fennica 88:80–89. 2011
11Lontra provocax, Serge Larivière, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 610, pp. 1-4 (1999)
12Variation in the diet of the viperine snake Natrix maura in relation to prey availability, Xavier Santos, Jacob González-Solís and Gustavo A. Llorente, ECOGRAPHY 23: 185–192. Copenhagen 2000
13The Diet of the Glossy Ibis During the Breeding Season in Doñana, Southwest Spain, Mercedes Macías, Andy J. Green and Marta I. Sánchez, Waterbirds 27(2): 234-239. 2004
14Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
15Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0