Animalia > Chordata > Acipenseriformes > Acipenseridae > Huso > Huso huso

Huso huso (Beluga; Russian sturgeon; Isinglass; Great Sturgeon; Giant Sturgeon; European Sturgeon; Caviare; Caviar; Hausen)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The beluga /bəˈluːɡə/ or European sturgeon (Huso huso) is a species of anadromous fish in the sturgeon family (Acipenseridae) of order Acipenseriformes. It is found primarily in the Caspian and Black Sea basins, and occasionally in the Adriatic Sea. Heavily fished for the female's valuable roe—known as beluga caviar— the beluga is a huge and late-maturing fish that can live for 118 years. The species' numbers have been greatly reduced by overfishing and poaching, prompting many governments to enact restrictions on its trade.
View Wikipedia Record: Huso huso

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Huso huso


Brood Egg Substrate [3]  Lithophils
Brood Guarder [3]  No
Maximum Longevity [4]  118 years
Migration [1]  Anadromous
Water Biome [1]  Pelagic, Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams
Adult Weight [2]  1.256 tons (1,139.60 kg)
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [4]  17 years 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  13 years

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet


Range Map

External References


Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
4Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0