Animalia > Mollusca > Bivalvia > Myida > Dreissenidae > Dreissena > Dreissena polymorpha

Dreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel; Moule zebra; Zebra-Muschel)


Wikipedia Abstract

The zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) is a small freshwater mussel. This species was originally native to the lakes of southern Russia, being first described in 1769 by the German zoologist Peter Simon Pallas in the Ural, Volga, and Dnieper rivers. These mussels are still found nearby, as Pontic (Black Sea) and Caspian species. However, the zebra mussel has been accidentally introduced to numerous other areas, and has become an invasive species in many different countries worldwide. They were invasive to the Great Lakes but in the 1990s, they invaded the Hudson River. They are commonly found on the bottom of ships and eat the algae that is food for fish. Without food, fish starve. Inspectors check ships for the mussels before they leave port. Scientists are trying to control the mussels.
View Wikipedia Record: Dreissena polymorpha


Invasive Species

View ISSG Record: Dreissena polymorpha


Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams
Diet [1]  Planktivore


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Biotopverbund Spreeaue 1540 Germany  




External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Patterns of prey use by lesser scaup Aythya affinis (Aves) and diet overlap with fishes during spring migration, Kimberly A. Strand, Steven R. Chipps, Sharon N. Kahara, Kenneth F. Higgins, Spencer Vaa, Hydrobiologia (2008) 598:389–398
4Specziár, A., Tölg, L. and Bíró, P. (1997), Feeding strategy and growth of cyprinids in the littoral zone of Lake Balaton. Journal of Fish Biology, 51: 1109–1124
5NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7Feeding ecology of vimba (Vimba vimba L., 1758) in terms of size groups and seasons in Lake Sapanca, northwestern Anatolia, Hacer Canan OKGERMAN, Cumhur Haldun YARDIMCI, Zeynep DORAK, Neşe YILMAZ, Turk J Zool (2013) 37: 288-297
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0