Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Felidae > Panthera > Panthera pardus

Panthera pardus (Leopard)

Synonyms: Felis pardus (homotypic); Felis pardus nanopardus

Wikipedia Abstract

The leopard (Panthera pardus) (English pronunciation: /ˈlɛpərd/) is one of the five "big cats" in the genus Panthera. It is a member of the family Felidae with a wide range in sub-Saharan Africa and parts of Asia. Fossil records found in Italy suggest that in the Pleistocene it ranged as far as Europe and Japan.
View Wikipedia Record: Panthera pardus

Infraspecies

Endangered Species

Status: Vulnerable
View IUCN Record: Panthera pardus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
32
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.76
EDGE Score: 2.86

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  118.499 lbs (53.75 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  1.213 lbs (550 g)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Endothermic [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 1 month
Gestation [1]  3 months 7 days
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  27 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [4]  5.379 feet (164 cm)
Speed [5]  38.028 MPH (17 m/s)
Weaning [1]  3 months 20 days

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (147)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Emblem of

Somalia

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Canis lupus (Wolf)[9]
Crocodylus niloticus (Nile crocodile)[12]
Panthera leo (Lion)[6]
Panthera tigris (Tiger)[9]

Consumers

Range Map

External References

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
4Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
5Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
6Who's Eating Who
7Addax nasomaculatus, Paul R. Krausman and Anne L. Casey, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 807, pp. 1-4 (2007)
8Antidorcas marsupialis, James W. Cain III, Paul R. Krausman, and Heather L. Germaine, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 753, pp. 1–7 (2004)
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Kori Bustard Species Survival Plan (Ardeotis kori) Husbandry Manual, Sara Hallager, Jeanette Boylan, September 2004
11Boselaphus tragocamelus, DAVID M. LESLIE, JR., MAMMALIAN SPECIES 813:1–16 (2008)
12The Serengeti food web: empirical quantification and analysis of topological changes under increasing human impact, Sara N. de Visser, Bernd P. Freymann and Han Olff, Journal of Animal Ecology 2011, 80, 484–494
136.1 Side-striped jackal, Canis adustus, R.P.D. Atkinson and A.J. Loveridge, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp.
14Canis mesomelas, Lyle R. Walton and Damien O. Joly, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 715, pp. 1–9 (2003)
15Equus grevyi, C. S. Churcher, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 453, pp. 1-9 (1993)
16Equus zebra, B. L. Penzhorn, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 314, pp. 1-7 (1988)
17Gazella gazella, Heinrich Mendelssohn, Yoram Yom-Tov, and Colin P. Groves, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 490, pp. 1-7 (1995)
18Heterohyrax brucei, Ronald E. Barry and Jeheskel Shoshani, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 645, pp. 1–7 (2000)
19Hystrix africaeaustralis, Erika L. Barthelmess, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 788, pp. 1-7 (2006)
20Predator–prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food web, Norman Owen-Smith and M. G. L. Mills, Journal of Animal Ecology Volume 77, Issue 1, Pages 173-183
21Madoqua guentheri, Steven C. Kingswood and Arlene T. Kumamoto, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 539, pp. 1-10 (1996)
22Madoqua kirkii, Steven C. Kingswood and Arlene T. Kumamoto, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 569, pp. 1-10 (1997)
23Predation by Forest Eagle-Owl Bubo nipalensis on Mouse Deer Moschiola meminna, Nandini R, Indian Birds Vol. 1 No. 5 (September-October 2005), p. 119-120
24Okapia johnstoni, Richard E. Bodmer and George B. Rabb, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 422, pp. 1-8 (1992)
25Orycteropus afer, Jeheskel Shoshani, Corey A. Goldman, and J. G. M. Thewissen, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 300, pp. 1-8 (1988)
266.6 Bat-eared fox, Otocyon megalotis, J.A.J. Nel and B. Maas, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp.
27Rusa unicolor (Artiodactyla: Cervidae), DAVID M. LESLIE, JR., MAMMALIAN SPECIES 43(871):1–30 (2011)
28Tetracerus quadricornis (Artiodactyla: Bovidae), DAVID M. LESLIE, JR. AND KOUSTUBH SHARMA, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 843:1–11 (2009)
29Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
30International Flea Database
31Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0