Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Ciconiiformes > Ciconiidae > Leptoptilos > Leptoptilos crumeniferus

Leptoptilos crumeniferus (Marabou Stork)

Synonyms: Ciconia crumeniferus (homotypic)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 21.5588
EDGE Score: 3.11613


Adult Weight [1]  17.637 lbs (8.00 kg)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Endothermic [2]  20 %
Diet - Fish [2]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Scavenger [2]  50 %
Forages - Ground [2]  60 %
Forages - Water Surface [2]  40 %
Female Maturity [1]  4 years
Male Maturity [1]  4 years
Clutch Size [3]  2
Incubation [1]  30 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  45 years
Wing Span [4]  8.397 feet (2.56 m)


Protected Areas

Important Bird Areas

Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Chobe National Park Botswana A3, A4i
Okavango Delta Botswana A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Sudd (Bahr-el-Jebel system) Sudan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Tarangire National Park Tanzania A1, A2, A3, A4i

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Anas capensis (Cape Teal)[5]
Phrynobatrachus mababiensis (Mababe River Frog)[5]
Psammophis angolensis (Dwarf Sand Snake)[5]
Steatomys pratensis (fat mouse)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap


Parasitized by 
Eustrongylides africanus <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia leptoptili <Unverified Name>[6]

Range Map

External References


Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5The Serengeti food web: empirical quantification and analysis of topological changes under increasing human impact, Sara N. de Visser, Bernd P. Freymann and Han Olff, Journal of Animal Ecology 2011, 80, 484–494
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0