Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Hirundinidae > Petrochelidon > Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

Petrochelidon pyrrhonota (Cliff Swallow; American Cliff Swallow)

Synonyms: Hirundo albifrons; Hirundo pyrrhonota; Hirundo pyrrhonota pyrrhonota; Petrochelidon albifrons
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The American cliff swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) is a member of the passerine bird family Hirundinidae — the swallows and martins.The scientific name is derived from Ancient Greek. Petrochelidon is from petros, "rock", and khelidon, "swallow", and pyrrhonota from purrhos, "flame-coloured", and -notos "-backed". It breeds in North America and is migratory, wintering in western South America from Venezuela southwards to northeast Argentina. This species is a very rare vagrant to western Europe.
View Wikipedia Record: Petrochelidon pyrrhonota


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.95893
EDGE Score: 1.94002


Adult Weight [1]  24 grams
Birth Weight [3]  2 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Generalist
Wintering Geography [2]  S. American Lowlands
Wintering Habitat [2]  Generalist
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  100 %
Forages - Aerial [4]  100 %
Clutch Size [3]  4
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Fledging [1]  23 days
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  59,000,000
Incubation [3]  14 days
Mating System [6]  Monogamy
Maximum Longevity [3]  12 years
Migration [5]  Intercontinental
Wing Span [7]  11 inches (.282 m)
Female Maturity [3]  1 year
Male Maturity [3]  1 year


Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (252)


Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet


Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
6Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
7The turning- and linear-maneuvering performance of birds: the cost of efficiency for coursing insectivores, Douglas R. Warrick, Can. J. Zool. 76: 1063–1079 (1998)
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9International Flea Database
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0