Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Anseriformes > Anatidae > Bucephala > Bucephala clangula

Bucephala clangula (Common Goldeneye)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The common goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) is a medium-sized sea duck of the genus Bucephala, the goldeneyes. Its closest relative is the similar Barrow's goldeneye. The genus name is derived from Ancient Greek boukephalos, "bullheaded", from bous, "bull " and kephale, "head", a reference to the bulbous head shape of the bufflehead. The species name is derived from Latin clangere, "to resound".
View Wikipedia Record: Bucephala clangula


Bucephala clangula americana (American common goldeneye)
Bucephala clangula clangula (European common goldeneye)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.03014
EDGE Score: 1.61545


Clutch Size [8]  9
Clutches / Year [4]  1
Fledging [6]  61 days
Global Population (2017 est.) [3]  2,500,000
Incubation [4]  30 days
Maximum Longevity [4]  18 years
Snout to Vent Length [6]  18 inches (46 cm)
Speed [9]  45.41 MPH (20.3 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Coastal, Brackish Water
Wing Span [9]  28 inches (.7 m)
Adult Weight [2]  1.852 lbs (840 g)
Birth Weight [4]  38 grams
Female Weight [7]  1.567 lbs (711 g)
Male Weight [7]  2.469 lbs (1.12 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [7]  57.5 %
Breeding Habitat [3]  Boreal forests
Wintering Geography [3]  Widespread U.S.
Wintering Habitat [3]  Coastal marine, Freshwater lakes and rivers
Diet [5]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fish [5]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [5]  70 %
Diet - Plants [5]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [5]  10 %
Forages - Water Surface [5]  20 %
Forages - Underwater [5]  80 %
Female Maturity [4]  2 years
Male Maturity [4]  2 years


Protected Areas

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Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)[10]
Moroteuthopsis longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[11]

Prey / Diet Overlap


Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[11]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[11]


Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Storchová, Lenka; Hořák, David (2018), Data from: Life-history characteristics of European birds, Dryad, Dataset,
3Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
5Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
6Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
7Eadie, JM, ML Mallory, and HG Lumsden. 1995. Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula). The Birds of North America, no. 170. (Poole, A. and F. Gill, editors.). Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and American Ornithologists' Union. Washington, DC
8Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
9Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
10Food web topology and parasites in the pelagic zone of a subarctic lake, Per-Arne Amundsen, Kevin D. Lafferty, Rune Knudsen, Raul Primicerio, Anders Klemetsen and Armand M. Kuris, Journal of Animal Ecology 2009, 78, 563–572
11Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
12Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
13International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0