Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Scolopacidae > Gallinago > Gallinago gallinago

Gallinago gallinago (Common Snipe)

Synonyms: Capella gallinago; Gallinago coelestris; Gallinago gallinago faeroeensi; Gallino gallino; Scolopax gallinago (homotypic)
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The common snipe (Gallinago gallinago) is a small, stocky wader native to the Old World. The scientific name gallinago is New Latin for a woodcock or snipe from Latin gallina, "hen" and the suffix -ago, "resembling".
View Wikipedia Record: Gallinago gallinago


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.55796
EDGE Score: 2.25737


Adult Weight [1]  120 grams
Birth Weight [2]  11 grams
Female Weight [4]  116 grams
Male Weight [4]  101 grams
Weight Dimorphism [4]  14.9 %
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  80 %
Diet - Plants [3]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  10 %
Forages - Ground [3]  80 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  20 %
Clutch Size [5]  4
Clutches / Year [6]  1
Fledging [4]  19 days
Incubation [2]  19 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  18 years
Speed [7]  38.252 MPH (17.1 m/s)
Wing Span [7]  20 inches (.52 m)
Female Maturity [2]  1 year
Male Maturity [2]  1 year


Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (1356)


Important Bird Areas

Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Dvuob'ye Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Lover Ob' Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Ósasvædi Ölfusár Iceland B1i, B2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Haemopis sanguisuga (horse leech)[8]
Prasocuris marginella[8]
Tipula paludosa (European crane fly)[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap


Falco columbarius (Merlin)[8]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[9]


Range Map

External References


Attributes / relations provided by
1Storchová, Lenka; Hořák, David (2018), Data from: Life-history characteristics of European birds, Dryad, Dataset,
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6British Trust for Ornithology
7Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
8Ecology of Commanster
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0