Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Picidae > Picoides > Picoides tridactylus

Picoides tridactylus (Three-toed Woodpecker; Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker)

Synonyms: Picus tridactylus (homotypic)
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The three-toed woodpecker (Picoides tridactylus) is a medium-sized woodpecker.
View Wikipedia Record: Picoides tridactylus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.10268
EDGE Score: 1.80873


Adult Weight [1]  65 grams
Birth Weight [1]  5.2 grams
Female Weight [4]  61 grams
Male Weight [4]  70 grams
Weight Dimorphism [4]  14.8 %
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Nectarivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  80 %
Diet - Nectar [2]  20 %
Forages - Understory [2]  80 %
Forages - Ground [2]  20 %
Clutch Size [6]  4
Fledging [3]  24 days
Incubation [5]  12 days
Mating Display [7]  Ground and non-acrobatic aerial display
Maximum Longevity [8]  11 years 2 months
Snout to Vent Length [3]  9 inches (22 cm)


Protected Areas

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Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No


Parasitized by 
Ceratophyllus adustus[9]
Ceratophyllus zhovtyi[9]
Leucochloridium perturbatum[10]
Ornithophaga anomala anomala[9]
Ornithophaga mikulini[9]

Range Map

External References


Attributes / relations provided by
1Storchová, Lenka; Hořák, David (2018), Data from: Life-history characteristics of European birds, Dryad, Dataset,
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
4Hogstad, O. 1976. Sexual dimorphism and divergence in winter foraging behavior of Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides tridactylus. Ibis 118:41–50
5del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
6Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
7Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
8de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
9International Flea Database
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0