Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Accipiter > Accipiter badius

Accipiter badius (Shikra)

Synonyms: Falco badius (homotypic)

Wikipedia Abstract

The shikra (Accipiter badius) is a small bird of prey in the family Accipitridae found widely distributed in Asia and Africa where it is also called the little banded goshawk. The African forms may represent a separate species but have usually been considered as subspecies of the shikra. The shikra is very similar in appearance to other sparrowhawk species including the Chinese goshawk and Eurasian sparrowhawk. They have a sharp two note call and have the typical flap and glide flight. Their calls are imitated by drongos and the common hawk-cuckoo resembles it in plumage.
View Wikipedia Record: Accipiter badius


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.15855
EDGE Score: 2.21469


Adult Weight [1]  147 grams
Birth Weight [2]  21 grams
Female Weight [4]  141 grams
Male Weight [4]  122 grams
Weight Dimorphism [4]  15.6 %
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Ectothermic [3]  60 %
Diet - Endothermic [3]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  50 %
Forages - Ground [3]  50 %
Clutch Size [5]  3
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Fledging [1]  32 days
Incubation [1]  30 days
Mating Display [2]  Acrobatic aerial display
Snout to Vent Length [1]  12 inches (30 cm)
Wing Span [6]  23 inches (.58 m)
Female Maturity [1]  0 years 12 months


Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (146)

Important Bird Areas

Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Chokpak Pass Kazakhstan A4iv
Samara dam Iraq A4i, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Cypsiurus parvus (African Palm Swift)[6]
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)[6]
Melopsittacus undulatus (Budgerigar)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Macheiramphus alcinus (Bat Hawk)1
Ninox scutulata (Brown Hawk-Owl)1


Parasitized by 
Cladotaenia globifera[7]
Idiogenes flagellum <Unverified Name>[7]
Physaloptera alata[7]

Range Map

External References


Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Thiollay, J. M. (1977). "Les Rapaces d'une zone de contact savane-forêt en Côte d'Ivoire : modes d'exploitation du milieu." Alauda 45: 197-218
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0