Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Gallus > Gallus gallus

Gallus gallus (Red Junglefowl; common chicken)

Synonyms: Gallus gallus domesticus; Phasianus gallus

Wikipedia Abstract

The red junglefowl (Gallus gallus) is a tropical member of the family Phasianidae. It is thought to be ancestral to the domestic chicken, with some hybridisation with the grey junglefowl. The red junglefowl was first domesticated at least five thousand years ago in Asia, since then it has spread around the world, and the domestic form is kept globally as a very productive food source of both meat and eggs.
View Wikipedia Record: Gallus gallus

Infraspecies

Gallus gallus bankiva (Javan red junglefowl)
Gallus gallus f. domesticus
Gallus gallus f. gallus
Gallus gallus gallus (Cochin-chinese red junglefowl)
Gallus gallus jabouillei (Tonkinese red junglefowl)
Gallus gallus murghi (Indian red junglefowl)
Gallus gallus spadiceus (Burmese red junglefowl)
Gallus gallus type

Invasive Species

View ISSG Record: Gallus gallus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
15
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.76898
EDGE Score: 1.7525

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.713 lbs (777 g)
Birth Weight [1]  25 grams
Female Weight [1]  1.42 lbs (644 g)
Male Weight [7]  2.178 lbs (988 g)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  41.5 %
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  30 %
Diet - Plants [2]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Clutch Size [4]  6
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Incubation [3]  19 days
Mating System [6]  Polygyny
Maximum Longevity [5]  30 years
Snout to Vent Length [1]  17 inches (44 cm)
Speed [8]  8.992 MPH (4.02 m/s)
Wing Span [9]  28 inches (.703 m)

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (115)

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Philippines Philippines No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No

Emblem of

Delaware
France
Rhode Island

Predators

Consumers

Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
6Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
7Tarburton, M. K. 1992. Weights of some birds from Fiji. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 112:34-36
8Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
9DETERMINATION OF BODY DENSITY FOR TWELVE BIRD SPECIES, DAVID M. HAMERSHOCK, THOMAS W. SEAMANS, GLEN E. BERNHARDT, WRIGHT LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH (1993)
10Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
12International Flea Database
13Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0