Animalia > Chordata > Salmoniformes > Salmonidae > Salvelinus > Salvelinus fontinalis

Salvelinus fontinalis (charr; Brook charr; Brook trout; Red trout; Salmon trout; Speckled trout; Squaretail; Whitefin; Trout; Squaretailed trout; Square-tail; Specks; Speckled char; Slob; Sea trout; Salter; Native trout; Mud trout; Mountain trout; Lord-fish; Humpbacked trout; Eastern speckled trout; Eastern brook trout; Common brook trout; Coaster; Char; Brookie; Brook char; Breeder; Baiser; Aurora trout; American brook trout; American brook charr)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) is a species of freshwater fish in the salmon family Salmonidae. It is native to Eastern North America in the United States and Canada, but has been introduced elsewhere in North America and to other continents. In parts of its range, it is also known as the eastern brook trout, speckled trout, brook charr, squaretail, or mud trout, among others. A potamodromous population in Lake Superior is known as coaster trout or, simply, as coasters. The brook trout is the state fish of nine states: Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia, and the Provincial Fish of Nova Scotia in Canada.
View Wikipedia Record: Salvelinus fontinalis

Invasive Species

View ISSG Record: Salvelinus fontinalis


Adult Length [2]  34 inches (86 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  Hidden
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils (rock-gravel)
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Litter Size [2]  6,811
Maximum Longevity [2]  24 years
Migration [1]  Anadromous
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Coastal, Brackish Water
Adult Weight [3]  9.694 lbs (4.397 kg)
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [3]  2 years


Protected Areas

Emblem of

Prey / Diet



Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0