Animalia > Chordata > Perciformes > Centrarchidae > Lepomis > Lepomis gibbosus

Lepomis gibbosus (kiver; Yellow sunfish; Sunny; Sunfish; Sun bass; Punky; Pumpkinseed sunfish; Pumpkinseed; Pond perch; Common sunfish)

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Wikipedia Abstract

(This article is about the fish. For the edible seed of a pumpkin, see Pepita.) The pumpkinseed (Lepomis gibbosus) is a North American freshwater fish of the sunfish family (Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. It is also referred to as pond perch, common sunfish, punkys, sunfish, sunny, and kivver.
View Wikipedia Record: Lepomis gibbosus


Adult Length [2]  16 inches (40 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In a nest
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Polyphils
Brood Guarder [2]  Yes
Litter Size [2]  14,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  8 years
Migration [1]  Potamodromous
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [2]  2 years


Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap



Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Variation in resource abundance affects diet and feeding morphology in the pumpkinseed sunfish (Lepomis gibbosus), Gary G. Mittelbach, Craig W. Osenberg, and Peter C. Wainwright, Oecologia (1992) 90: 8-13
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5The aquatic moth Acentria ephemerella as a key species in submerged aquatic vegetation - direct and trait-mediated interactions with predators and food plants, Oliver Miler, PhD thesis at the Limnological Institute / University of Konstanz, research group Limnology of Lakes, 2008
6Reproductive parameters in relation to food supply in the whiskered tern (Chlidonias hybrida), Jean-Marc Paillisson, Sébastien Reeber, Alexandre Carpentier, Loïc Marion, J Ornithol (2007) 148:69–77
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0