Animalia > Chordata > Salmoniformes > Salmonidae

Salmonidae (salmons and trouts)

Wikipedia Abstract

Salmonidae is a family of ray-finned fish, the only living family currently placed in the order Salmoniformes. It includes salmon, trout, chars, freshwater whitefishes, and graylings, which collectively are known as the salmonids. The Atlantic salmon and trout of the genus Salmo give the family and order their names. All salmonids spawn in fresh water, but in many cases, the fish spend most of their lives at sea, returning to the rivers only to reproduce. This lifecycle is described as anadromous. They are predators, feeding on small crustaceans, aquatic insects, and smaller fish.
View Wikipedia Record: Salmonidae


Brachymystax (Lenok) (4)   (1)
Coregonus (whitefishes) (98)   (9)
Eosalmo (1)
Helgolandichthys (1)
Hucho (Taimen) (5)   (2)
Leptichthys (1)
Oncorhynchus (Pacific salmon) (23)   (4)   (1)
Parahucho (1)   (1)
Prosopium (round whitefishes) (7)
Salmo (153)   (10)   (2)
Salmonidarum (1)
Salvelinus (chars) (54)   (6)   (2)
Salvethymus (Char) (1)
Stenodus (inconnus) (2)   (1)
Thymallus (graylings) (21)   (1)

(...) = Species count
(...) = Endangered count
(...) = Invasive count

External References

Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0