Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Cynodon dactylon > Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon

Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon (manienie; common bermudagrass; chiendent pied-de-poule; devilgrass; grama-seda; motie molulu; Bermudagrass)

Synonyms: Digitaria stolonifera

Invasive Species


Bloom Period [1]  Mid Spring
Dispersal Mode [4]  Anemochory
Drought Tolerance [1]  Medium
Fire Tolerance [1]  High
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [1]  5 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  Low
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Summer
Growth Form [1]  Stoloniferous
Growth Period [1]  Spring, Summer, Fall
Growth Rate [1]  Rapid
Hazards [2]  Bermuda grass is reported to be photosensitizing in animals; Under certain environmental conditions the plant can produce hydrocyanic acid and so is potentially toxic to livestck; The plant is also said to cause contact dermatitis and, with its high production of pollen, can be a major cause of hayfever;
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Propagation [1]  Seed, Sprig
Regrowth Rate [1]  Rapid
Root Depth [1]  14 inches (36 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  Slow
Seed Vigor [1]  Low
Seeds Per [1]  2071116 / lb (4566033 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Prostrate
Structure [5]  Grass
Usage [2]  Plants are sometimes grown as a cover for warm sunny banks and are sometimes used for lawns; They stay green even in hot and dry weather; Plants give complete ground cover in 4-8 weeks when planted 30-45 cm apart; They succeed on most soil types and requires very little mowing on poor soils; Valuable for soil conservation due to its long runners that root at the nodes; Plants are used to produce biomass. Annual productivity ranges from 4 to 52 tonnes per hectare;
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  Rapid
Flower Color [1]  Yellow
Foliage Color [1]  Green
Fruit Color [1]  Brown
Height [2]  12 inches (0.3 m)
Width [2]  20 inches (0.5 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 6 Low Temperature: -10 F° (-23.3 C°) → 0 F° (-17.8 C°)
Light Preference [3]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [1]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [3]  Intermediate
Soil Moisture [3]  Mostly Dry
Water Use [1]  High
Screening - Summer [1]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [1]  Porous
View Plants For A Future Record : Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon

Protected Areas




External References

USDA Plant Profile


Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
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5Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
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8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
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13Boselaphus tragocamelus, DAVID M. LESLIE, JR., MAMMALIAN SPECIES 813:1–16 (2008)
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17Gazella gazella, Heinrich Mendelssohn, Yoram Yom-Tov, and Colin P. Groves, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 490, pp. 1-7 (1995)
18Geomys attwateri, Lawrence R. Williams and Guy N. Cameron, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 382, pp 1-5 (1991)
19Geomys breviceps, James M. Sulentich, Lawrence R. Williams, and Guy N. Cameron, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 383, pp. 1-4 (1991)
20C. R. Field (1970) A Study of the Feeding Habits of the Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius Linn.) in the Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda, With Some Management Implications, Zoologica Africana, 5:1, 71-86,
21Feeding Habits of Capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris, Linnaeus 1766), in the Ecological Reserve of Taim (ESEC - Taim) - South of Brazil, Lucélia do Valle Borges and Ioni Gonçalves Colares, Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, Vol.50, n. 3 : pp.409-416 May 2007
22Dietary preferences of the black-gloved wallaby (Macropus irma) and the western grey kangaroo (M. fuliginosus) in Whiteman Park, Perth, Western Australia, J M Wann & D T Bell, Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia, 80:55-62, 1997
23Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
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Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0