Animalia > Chordata > Gadiformes > Gadidae > Gadus > Gadus morhua

Gadus morhua (rock cod; Winter fish; West indian; West india; Trap fish; Trap cod; Tom-cod; Thirds; Tally fish; Swallow tail; Swallow; Summer fish; Summer cod-fish; Strip; Straits fish; Stockfish; Split; Spanish fish; Soft cured; Soft cure; Soaker; Snubby; Snub; Snig; Refuse fish; Red-cod; Puerto rico fish; Poor john; Pink fish; Pea; Old soaker; Northern cod; Newfoundland fish; Mud fish; Mother fish; Merchantable; Madeira; Logy fish; Loader; Leggy; Lap tail; Laggy; Lady day fish; Labrador cure; Labrador fish; Klippfish; Klipfish; Kil'din cod; Jigger fish; Jersey fish; Italian; Inshore cod; Hen; Heavy salted; Heavy salt; Heavy fish; Hard-dry; Hard cure; Harbour tom-cod; Half-saved; Haberdine; Grog fish; Green fish; Gaspé cure; Full pickle fish; Full cured fish; Foxy tom-cod; Foots; Floaters fish; Floater fish; Fish ball; Fish dumpling; Fish; Fall fish; Fall cure; Eating fish; Dun fish; Dumb fish; Dum fish; Duffy; Dry fish; Cut-tail; Corre fish; Codling; Core fish; Codfish brick; Cod-fish; Codde; Codd; Cod; Christmas fish; Bull dog; Broken fish; Breeder; Brazil fish; BlackBerry fish; Bim fish; Berry fish; Bastard; Bank fish; Bank cod; Baccale; Baccalo; Baccalao; Bacaleau; Bacalao; Atlantic cod; Slop; Shore labrador; Shore fish; Shore cod; Shoal fish; Shoal cod; Semi-dry; Seal-head cod; Scrod; Screwed fish; Scrawd; Scraud; Scrad; Schrod; Saltfish; Salt-bulk; Salt fish; Rounder)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a benthopelagic fish of the family Gadidae, widely consumed by humans. It is also commercially known as cod or codling. Dry cod may be prepared as unsalted stockfish or as cured salt cod or clipfish. In the western Atlantic Ocean, cod has a distribution north of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, and around both coasts of Greenland and the Labrador Sea; in the eastern Atlantic, it is found from the Bay of Biscay north to the Arctic Ocean, including the Baltic Sea, the North Sea, Sea of the Hebrides, areas around Iceland and the Barents Sea.
View Wikipedia Record: Gadus morhua


Endangered Species

Status: Vulnerable
View IUCN Record: Gadus morhua


Adult Weight [1]  116.405 lbs (52.80 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 2 months
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 1 month
Maximum Longevity [1]  25 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Norwegian Sea Drainages Norway, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas


Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

+ Click for partial list (60)Full list (141)



Mutual (symbiont) 
Cryptocotyle jejuna[3]
Cryptocotyle lingua[3]
Profilicollis botulus[3]
Sacculina carcini[3]


External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
5Physiological energetics of Buccinum undatum L. (Gastropoda) off Douglas, Isle of Man (the Irish Sea), Ahmet E. KIDEYŞ, Tr. J. of Zoology 22 (1998) 49-61
6PRELIMINARY REPORT FROM A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE DIET OF FOUR GADOID FISHES IN A FJORD OF WESTERN NORWAY, A.G. Vea Salvanes, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, C.M. 1986/G: 71, Demersal Fish Committee
7Feeding Habits of Fish Species Distributed on the Grand Bank, Concepción González1, Xabier Paz, Esther Román, and María Hermida, NAFO SCR Doc. 06/31, Serial No. N5251 (2006)
8Energy flow of a boreal intertidal ecosystem, the Sylt-Rømø Bight, Dan Baird, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 279: 45–61, 2004
9CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
10The mysid-feeding guild of demersal fishes in the brackish zone of the Westerschelde estuary, K. Hostens and J. Mees, Journal of Fish Biology (1999) 55, 704-719
11Trophic ecology of blue whiting in the Barents Sea, Andrey V. Dolgov, Edda Johannesen, Mikko Heino, and Erik Olsen, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67: 483–493
12Predators of Sea Anemones, J. R. Ottaway, Tuatara: Volume 22, Issue 3, February 1977, pp. 213 - 220
13Feeding and Food Consumption by the Barents Sea Skates, A.V. Dolgov, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 35: 495–503
14Diet of minke whales Balaenoptera acutorostrata in Scottish (UK) waters with notes on strandings of this species in Scotland 1992-2002, G.J. Pierce, M.B. Santos, R.J. Reid, I.A.P. Patterson and H.M. Ross, J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. (2004), 84, 1241-1244
15del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
17Offshore diet of grey seals Halichoerus grypus near Sable Island, Canada, W. D. Bowen, G . D. Harrison, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 112: 1-11, 1994
18Fish prey spectrum of short-finned squid (Illex illecebrosus) at Newfoundland, Earl G. Dawe, Edgar L. Dalley, and Wayne W. Lidster, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 54(Suppl. 1): 200–208 (1997).
19Seasonal distribution of white-beaked dolphins (Lagenorhynchus albirostris) in UK waters with new information on diet and habitat use, Sarah J. Canning, M. Begoña Santos, Robert J. Reid, Peter G.H. Evans, Richard C. Sabin, Nick Bailey and Graham J. Pierce, Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 2008, 88(6), 1159–1166
20Analysis of stomach contents of the porbeagle shark (Lamna nasus Bonnaterre) in the northwest Atlantic, W. N. Joyce, S. E. Campana, L. J. Natanson, N. E. Kohler, H. L. Pratt Jr, and C. F. Jensen, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: 1263–1269. 2002
21Diets of adult and chick Herring Gulls Larus argentatus argenteus on Ailsa Craig, south-west Scotland., M. Nogales, B. Zonfrillo and P. Monaghan, SEABIRD 17: 56-63
22Diet of Harp Seals (Phoca groenlandica) in Divisions 2J and 3KL During 1991–93, J. W. Lawson, G. B. Stenson and D. G. McKinnon, NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 21: 143–154 (1994)
23Feeding ecology of sympatric European shags Phalacrocorax aristotelis and great cormorants P. carbo in Iceland, Kristjan Lilliendahl, Jon Solmundsson, Marine Biology (2006) 149: 979–990
24Annual Variation in Diet of Breeding Great Cormorants: Does it Reflect Varying Recruitment of Gadoids?, SVEIN-HÅKON LORENTSEN, DAVID GRÉMILLET AND GEIR HÅVARD NYMOEN, Waterbirds 27(2): 161-169, 2004
25The harbour seal Phoca vitulina as a predator in the Skagerrak. Haerkoenen, T | Heide-Joergensen, M-P, Ophelia. Vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 191-207 1991
26A Quantitative Assessment of the Diet of the Blue Shark (Prionace glauca) off Nova Scotia, Canada, Meaghen E. McCord and Steven E. Campana, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 32: 57-63
27Pseudorca crassidens, Pam J. Stacey, Stephen Leatherwood, and Robin W. Baird, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 456, pp. 1-6 (1994)
28Seasonal and geographical variations in the diet of Common Guillemots Uria aalge off western Scotland, D J Halley, N. Harrison, A. Webb and D.R. Thompson, SEABIRD 17: 12-20
29Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0