Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Psittacula > Psittacula krameri

Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)

Synonyms: Alexandrinus krameri (homotypic); Paleornis torquatus; Psittacus krameri (homotypic)

Wikipedia Abstract

The rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri), also known as the ring-necked parakeet, is a gregarious tropical Afro-Asian parakeet species that has an extremely large range. The rose-ringed parakeet is sexually dimorphic. The adult male sports a red or black neck ring and the hen and immature birds of both sexes either show no neck rings, or display shadow-like pale to dark grey neck rings. Both sexes have a distinctive green colour. Rose-ringed parakeets measure on average 40 cm (16 in) in length, including the tail feathers, a large portion of their total length. Their average single-wing length is about 15–17.5 cm (5.9–6.9 in). In the wild, this is a noisy species with an unmistakable squawking call. It is herbivorous and not migratory.
View Wikipedia Record: Psittacula krameri


Psittacula krameri borealis (Indian rose-ringed parakeet)
Psittacula krameri krameri (Rose-ringed parakeet)
Psittacula krameri manillensis (Sri Lanka rose-ringed parakeet)
Psittacula krameri parvirostris (Sudan rose-ringed parakeet)

Invasive Species

View ISSG Record: Psittacula krameri

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.22413
EDGE Score: 1.65329


Adult Weight [1]  118 grams
Birth Weight [1]  11.4 grams
Female Weight [1]  108 grams
Male Weight [1]  128 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  18.5 %
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Nectarivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  50 %
Diet - Nectar [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  30 %
Forages - Understory [2]  30 %
Forages - Ground [2]  30 %
Clutch Size [5]  4
Fledging [3]  46 days
Incubation [4]  23 days
Maximum Longevity [6]  34 years
Snout to Vent Length [3]  16 inches (40 cm)
Wing Span [4]  18 inches (.45 m)
Female Maturity [3]  2 years 5 months


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

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Parasitized by 
Davainea kramerii <Unverified Name>[10]
Killigrewia srivastavai <Unverified Name>[10]

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Storchová, Lenka; Hořák, David (2018), Data from: Life-history characteristics of European birds, Dryad, Dataset,
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
4British Trust for Ornithology
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
7Feeding Ecology of Rose-Ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri in Polonnaruwa, Sarath.W.Kotagama, G.M.Dunnet, Siyoth Vol. 2(2): 50-55 (2007)
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0