Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Scolopacidae > Calidris > Calidris himantopus

Calidris himantopus (Stilt Sandpiper)

Synonyms: Calidris himantopis; Micropalama himantopus; Micropalama himantopus himantopus; Tringa himantopus (homotypic)
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The stilt sandpiper (Calidris himantopus or Micropalama himantopus) is a small shorebird. The scientific name is from Ancient Greek. The genus name kalidris or skalidris is a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds. The specific himantopus means "strap foot" or "thong foot". The stilt sandpiper breeds in the open arctic tundra of North America. It is a long-distance migrant, wintering mainly in northern South America. It occurs as a rare vagrant in western Europe, Japan and northern Australia.
View Wikipedia Record: Calidris himantopus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 12.2213
EDGE Score: 2.58183


Adult Weight [1]  57 grams
Birth Weight [3]  11.2 grams
Female Weight [6]  61 grams
Male Weight [6]  54 grams
Weight Dimorphism [6]  13 %
Breeding Habitat [2]  Arctic tundra
Wintering Geography [2]  Widespread
Wintering Habitat [2]  Freshwater marshes, Agricultural, Beaches and estuaries
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  80 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  20 %
Forages - Ground [4]  50 %
Forages - Water Surface [4]  50 %
Clutch Size [8]  4
Clutches / Year [7]  1
Egg Length [1]  1.457 inches (37 mm)
Egg Width [1]  1.024 inches (26 mm)
Fledging [1]  17 days
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  1,200,000
Incubation [7]  20 days
Mating System [3]  Monogamy
Maximum Longevity [5]  11 years
Migration [9]  Intercontinental
Wing Span [7]  17 inches (.42 m)
Female Maturity [5]  2 years
Male Maturity [5]  2 years


Protected Areas


Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Sesbania herbacea (hemp sesbania)[7]


Parasitized by 
Eulimdana florencae[10]
Hymenolepis tenuis <Unverified Name>[10]
Stellocaronema skrjabini[10]

Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
6Klima, J. & JR Jehl, Jr. 1998. Stilt Sandpiper (Calidris himantopus). In: The Birds of North America, No. 341. A. Poole & F. Gill (eds). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
9Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0