Animalia > Chordata > Gadiformes > Gadidae > Eleginus > Eleginus gracilis

Eleginus gracilis (Wachna cod; Saffron cod; Pacific saffron cod; Cod)

Synonyms: Eleginus navaga gracilis; Gadus gracilis; Gadus navaga gracilis; Gadus wachna
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Wikipedia Abstract

The saffron cod (Eleginus gracilis), is a commercially harvested fish closely related to true cods (genus Gadus). It is dark grey-green to brown, with spots on its sides and pale towards the belly. It may grow to 60 cm and weigh up to 1.3 kg. Saffron cods begin to mature during their third year of life. They feed on fish and small crustaceans. They are commercially fished in many areas of the northwestern Pacific. The country with the largest catch is Russia. It is used for human consumption in the Russian Federation and Japan, fresh or frozen.
View Wikipedia Record: Eleginus gracilis


Adult Weight [1]  1.334 lbs (605 g)
Female Maturity [2]  2 years 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 6 months
Maximum Longevity [2]  12 years
Migration [3]  Amphidromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada

Prey / Diet

Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[4]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[4]



External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Feeding of Bearded Seals in the Bering and Chukchi Seas and Trophic Interaction with Pacific Walruses, LLOYD F. LOWRY, KATHRYN J. FROST, AND JOHN J. BURNS, ARCTIC VOL. 33, NO. 2 (JUNE 1980). P. 330-342
6Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series, Alaska Department of Fish and Game
7Endemic sturgeons of the Amur River: kaluga, Huso dauricus, and Amur sturgeon, Acipenser schrenckii, Mikhail L. Krykhtin & Victor G. Svirskii, Environmental Biology of Fishes 48: 231–239, 1997
8Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0