Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Gruiformes > Rallidae > Porphyrio > Porphyrio martinica

Porphyrio martinica (Purple Gallinule)

Synonyms: Fulica martinica (homotypic); Ionornis martinica; Porphyrio martinicus; Porphyrio martinicus martinicus; Porphyrula martinica

Wikipedia Abstract

The purple gallinule (Porphyrio martinicus) is a "swamp hen" in the rail family, Rallidae. Also known locally as the yellow-legged gallinule. The genus name Porphyrio is the Latin for "swamphen", and martinica is "of Martinique". Juveniles are brown overall with a brownish olive back. These gallinules will fly short distances with dangling legs. The nest is a floating structure in a marsh. Five to ten eggs are laid. Their coloration is buff with brown spots.
View Wikipedia Record: Porphyrio martinica

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 14.6762
EDGE Score: 2.75214


Adult Weight [1]  236 grams
Birth Weight [3]  18 grams
Female Weight [5]  215 grams
Male Weight [5]  257 grams
Weight Dimorphism [5]  19.5 %
Breeding Habitat [2]  Freshwater marshes
Wintering Geography [2]  Widespread
Wintering Habitat [2]  Freshwater marshes
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  30 %
Diet - Plants [4]  70 %
Forages - Mid-High [4]  20 %
Forages - Understory [4]  30 %
Forages - Ground [4]  30 %
Forages - Water Surface [4]  20 %
Clutch Size [7]  6
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  370,000
Incubation [6]  19 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  7 years
Wing Span [6]  20 inches (.52 m)


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Range Map

External References


Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Hartman FA 1961. Locomotor mechanisms of birds. Smithson Misc Collect 143:1–91
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
8FEEDING ECOLOGY OF THE PURPLE GALLINULE (Porphyrula martinica) IN THE CENTRAL LLANOS OF VENEZUELA, Zaida Tárano, Stuart Strahl and Juhani Ojasti, ECOTROPICOS 8(1-2): 53-61. 1995
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0