Animalia > Chordata > Esociformes > Esocidae > Esox > Esox niger

Esox niger (Chain pickerel; Pickerel)

Synonyms: Esox reticulatus
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Adult Length [1]  39 inches (99 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Phytophils
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Litter Size [1]  8,000
Maximum Longevity [1]  9 years
Adult Weight [2]  5.154 lbs (2.338 kg)
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  2 years 6 months


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Northeast US & Southeast Canada Atlantic Drainages Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Ouachita Highlands United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Teays - Old Ohio United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Tennessee United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    

Protected Areas


Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[4]
Ichthyomyzon castaneus (Chestnut lamprey)[4]
Mycteria americana (Wood Stork)[4]
Petromyzon marinus (Eel sucker)[4]


Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0