Animalia > Chordata > Perciformes > Ammodytidae > Ammodytes > Ammodytes hexapterus

Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance; Sand-lance; Sand lance; Pacific sand lance)

Synonyms: Ammodytes alascanus
Language: Danish; French; Haida; Japanese; Mandarin Chinese; Polish


Female Maturity [1]  2 years 6 months
Male Maturity [3]  2 years 6 months
Maximum Longevity [1]  8 years
Migration [2]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[4]
Lumpenus sagitta (Eel-blenny)[4]



Parasitized by 
Echinorhynchus gadi[21]
Galactosomum phalacrocoracis[21]
Gyrodactylus ammodyti[4]
Lecithaster gibbosus[21]

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
6Diet and trophic ecology of skates in the Gulf of Alaska (Raja and Bathyraja spp.): ecological information for ecosystem–based management of demersal resources, David A. Ebert, Joseph J. Bizzarro, Simon C. Brown, Mariah D. Boyle, and Gregor M. Cailliet, NPRB Project 621 Final Report (2008)
7Alaska Department of Fish and Game
8Diving depths, diet, and underwater foraging of Rhinoceros Auklets in British Columbia, Alan E. Burger, Rory P. Wilson, Don Garnier and Marie-Pierre T. Wilson, Canadian Journal of Zoology Vol. 71: 2528-2540 (1993)
9Winter feeding ecology and trophic relationships of Oldsquaws and White-winged Scoters on Kachemak Bay, Alaska, Gerald A. Sanger and Robert D. Jones, Jr., Canadian Wildlife Service, 1984
10Feeding Biology of the Blackfin Sculpin (Malacocottus kincaidi Gilbert and Thompson, 1905) and the Spinyhead Sculpin (Dasycottus setiger Bean, 1890) in the Northeastern Gulf of Alaska, STEPHEN C. JEWETT, ROBERT H. DAY, AND HOWARD M. FEDER, Pacific Science (1989) , vol. 43, no. 2, p. 144-151
11Feeding of Bearded Seals in the Bering and Chukchi Seas and Trophic Interaction with Pacific Walruses, LLOYD F. LOWRY, KATHRYN J. FROST, AND JOHN J. BURNS, ARCTIC VOL. 33, NO. 2 (JUNE 1980). P. 330-342
12SEASONAL AND SPATIAL DIFFERENCES IN DIET IN THE WESTERN STOCK OF STELLER SEA LIONS (EUMETOPIAS JUBATUS), E. H. Sinclair and T. K. Zeppelin, Journal of Mammalogy Vol. 83, No. 4 (Nov., 2002), pp. 973-990
13Breeding ecology of Horned Puffins (Fratercula corniculata) in Alaska: annual variation and effects of El Niño, A.M.A. Harding, J.F. Piatt, and K.C. Hamer, Can. J. Zool. 81: 1004–1013 (2003)
14Groundfish Food Habits and Predation on Commercially Important Prey Species in the Eastern Bering Sea From 1997 Through 2001, Lang, G. M., P. A. Livingston, and K. A. Dodd, 2005, U.S. Dep. Comer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-158, 230 p.
15The Diet of White-Spotted Greenling Hexagrammos stelleri (Hexagrammidae) on the West Kamchatka Shelf, V. V. Napazakov, Journal of Ichthyology, 2010, Vol. 50, No. 1, pp. 100–104
16Trophic Role of the Pacific Whiting, Merluccius productus, P. A. LIVINGSTON and K. M. BAILEY, Marine Fisheries Review 47(2), 1985, p. 16-22
17Coastal Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhynchus clarki clarki) Diet In South Puget Sound, Washington 1999 – 2002, Joseph M. Jauquet, Masters Thesis, Evergreen State College, 2002
18Tinus, Craig A. (2012) Prey preference of lingcod (Ophiodon elongatus), a top marine predator: implications for ecosystem-based fisheries management. Fishery Bulletin, 110(2), pp. 193-204.
19Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository.
21Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0