Animalia > Chordata > Salmoniformes > Salmonidae > Coregonus > Coregonus clupeaformis

Coregonus clupeaformis (Common whitefish; Lake whitefish; Whitefish; Sault whitefish; Inland whitefish; Humpback whitefish; Great Lakes whitefish; Gizzard fish; Eastern whitefish)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeiformis) is a species of freshwater whitefish from North America. Lake whitefish are found throughout much of Canada and parts of the northern United States, including all of the Great Lakes. The lake whitefish is sometimes referred to as a "humpback" fish due to the small size of the head in relation to the length of the body. It is a valuable commercial fish, and also occasionally taken by sport fishermen. Smoked, refrigerated, vacuum-packed lake whitefish fillets are available in North American grocery stores. Other vernacular names used for this fish include Sault whitefish, gizzard fish, common whitefish, eastern whitefish, Great Lakes whitefish, humpback whitefish, inland whitefish and whitefish. The scientific genus name Coregonus (co-regg'-on-us)
View Wikipedia Record: Coregonus clupeaformis



Adult Length [2]  20 inches (50 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils (rock-gravel)
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Litter Size [2]  415,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  50 years
Migration [1]  Anadromous
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams
Adult Weight [3]  23.038 lbs (10.45 kg)
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [2]  6 years


Protected Areas


Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Esox lucius (Jack)[5]
Ichthyomyzon unicuspis (Silver lamprey)[5]
Petromyzon marinus (Eel sucker)[4]


Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0