Animalia > Chordata > Squamata > Phrynosomatidae > Phrynosoma > Phrynosoma coronatum

Phrynosoma coronatum (Coast Horned Lizard)

Synonyms: Agama coronatum; Phrynosoma frontalis; Phrynosoma nelsoni; Phrynosoma schmidti

Wikipedia Abstract

The coast horned lizard (Phrynosoma coronatum) is a species of phrynosomatid lizard which can be found from Baja California north to California's Sacramento Valley. It is a widely divergent species with over 6 subspecies in their relatively small range. As a defense the lizard can shoot high pressure streams of blood out of its eyes if threatened.
View Wikipedia Record: Phrynosoma coronatum



Adult Weight [1]  23 grams
Birth Weight [1]  1 grams
Female Weight [1]  21 grams
Gestation [1]  60 days
Litter Size [1]  12
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  1 year
Reproductive Mode [2]  Oviparous
Snout to Vent Length [1]  3.543 inches (9 cm)
Habitat Substrate [2]  Terrestrial


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No


Parasitized by 
Atractis penneri <Unverified Name>[3]
Skrjabinoptera phrynosoma <Unverified Name>[3]

Range Map

External References


Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Meiri, Shai (2019), Data from: Traits of lizards of the world: variation around a successful evolutionary design, Dryad, Dataset,
3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0