Animalia > Chordata > Perciformes > Gobiidae > Neogobius > Neogobius melanostomus

Neogobius melanostomus (Round goby; Ginger goby; Caspian round goby; Black spotted goby)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) is a euryhaline bottom-dwelling goby of the family Gobiidae, native to central Eurasia including the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. Round gobies have established large non-native populations in the Baltic Sea, several major Eurasian rivers, and the North American Great Lakes.
View Wikipedia Record: Neogobius melanostomus


Invasive Species

View ISSG Record: Neogobius melanostomus


Adult Length [2]  10 inches (25 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In a nest
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Speleophils (cavity generalist)
Brood Guarder [2]  Yes
Litter Size [2]  1,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  4 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams, Brackish Water
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [3]  3 years 6 months


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Laurentian Great Lakes Canada, United States Nearctic Large Lakes    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
St. Lawrence Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Upper Mississippi United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Burgasko ezero 7641 Bulgaria  
Karadagskiy Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik 13876 Ukraine  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Zaliv Chengene skele 472 Bulgaria  


Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap



Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Diet composition of two gobiid species in the Khadzhibey Estuary (North-Western Black Sea, Ukraine), Sergiy Kudrenko, Yuriy Kvach, ACTA UNIVERSITATIS NICOLAI COPERNICI PRACE LIMNOLOGICZNE NR 24 – LIMNOLOGICAL PAPERS N° 24 NAUKI MATEMATYCZNO-PRZYRODNICZE – ZASZYT 112 – TORUŃ 2005
6FEEDING ECOLOGY OF SOME BENTHIC FISH SPECIES FROM THE ROMANIAN BLACK SEA COAST (AGIGEA-EFORIE NORD AREA), Irina ROȘCA and Victor SURUGIU, Analele Științifice ale Universității „Al. I. Cuza” Iași, s. Biologie animală, Tom LVI, 2010
7Food Habits of Four Bottom-Dwelling Gobiid Species at the Confluence of the Danube and Hron Rivers (South Slovakia), Zdeněk Adámek, Jaroslav Andreji, José Martín Gallardo, International Review of Hydrobiology, Volume 92, Issue 4-5, pages 554–563, August 2007
8NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory
9THE DIET OF HARBOUR PORPOISE (PHOCOENA PHOCOENA) IN THE NORTHEAST ATLANTIC, M. B. SANTOS & G. J. PIERCE, Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 2003, 41, 355–390
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0