Animalia > Chordata > Atheriniformes > Atherinidae > Atherina > Atherina boyeri

Atherina boyeri (Big-scale sand smelt; Black sea silverside; Boyer's sand smelt)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The big-scale sand smelt (Atherina boyeri) is a species of fish in the Atherinidae family. It is a euryhaline amphidromous fish, up to 20 cm in length.
View Wikipedia Record: Atherina boyeri


Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Phytophils
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Migration [2]  Amphidromous
Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Ionian Drainages Greece Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Hippocampus hippocampus (Short-snouted seahorse)1
Pomatoschistus lozanoi (Lozano's goby)1
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)1
Trachurus mediterraneus (Mediterranean scad)1



External References


Attributes / relations provided by
1Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3Food of sand smelt, Atherina boyeri Risso, 1810 (Pisces: Atherinidae) in the estuary of the Mala Neretva River (middle-eastern Adriatic, Croatia), VLASTA BARTULOVIC, DAVOR LUCIC, ALEXIS CONIDES, BRANKO GLAMUZINA, JAKOV DULCIC, DUBRAVKA HAFNER and MIRNA BATISTIC, SCI. MAR., 68 (4): 597-603 (2004)
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5"Food and feeding habits of the Caspian marine shad, Alosa braschnikowi (Clupeidae) in the southern Caspian Sea", Afraei Bandpei M.A., El-Sayed A.-F.M., Pourgholam R., Nasrolahzadeh H. & Valinassab T., Cybium 2012, 36(3): 411-416
6THE DIET OF HARBOUR PORPOISE (PHOCOENA PHOCOENA) IN THE NORTHEAST ATLANTIC, M. B. SANTOS & G. J. PIERCE, Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 2003, 41, 355–390
7Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0