Animalia > Chordata > Syngnathiformes > Syngnathidae > Hippocampus > Hippocampus hippocampus

Hippocampus hippocampus (Short-snouted seahorse; Short snouted seahorse; Sea-horse; Sea horse; seahorse)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The short-snouted seahorse (Hippocampus hippocampus) is a species of seahorse in the family Syngnathidae. It is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea and parts of the North Atlantic, particularly around Italy and the Canary Islands. Colonies of the species have recently been discovered in the River Thames around London and Southend-on-Sea. Their preferred habitat is shallow muddy waters, estuaries or seagrass beds.
View Wikipedia Record: Hippocampus hippocampus


Gestation [1]  25 days
Litter Size [1]  865

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arcipelago delle Egadi - area marina e terrestre 119270 Italy    
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom

Prey / Diet

Penilia avirostris[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Atherina boyeri (Big-scale sand smelt)1


Huso huso (Beluga)[3]

External References


Attributes / relations provided by
1Life history and ecology of seahorses: implications for conservation and management, S. J. FOSTER AND A. C. J. VINCENT, Journal of Fish Biology (2004) 65, 1–61
2Sule Gurkan, Ertan Taskavak, Tuncay Murat Sever and Sencer Akalin, Gut Contents of Two European Seahorses Hippocampus hippocampus and Hippocampus guttulatus in the Aegean Sea, Coasts of Turkey Pakistan J. Zool., vol. 43 (6), pp. 1197-1201, 2011
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0