Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Buteo > Buteo brachyurus

Buteo brachyurus (Short-tailed Hawk)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The short-tailed hawk (Buteo brachyurus) is an American bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes the eagles and Old World vultures. As a member of the genus Buteo, it is not a true hawk and thus also referred to as a "buteo" or (outside North America) "buzzard". The white-throated hawk (B. albigula) is a close relative and was formerly included in the species B. brachyurus.
View Wikipedia Record: Buteo brachyurus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.52712
EDGE Score: 1.26048


Clutch Size [7]  2
Global Population (2017 est.) [3]  2,000,000
Incubation [6]  34 days
Raptor Research Conservation Priority [8]  83
Snout to Vent Length [2]  16 inches (41 cm)
Water Biome [1]  Coastal
Wing Span [6]  37 inches (.93 m)
Adult Weight [2]  1.12 lbs (508 g)
Female Weight [5]  1.285 lbs (583 g)
Male Weight [5]  422 grams
Weight Dimorphism [5]  38.2 %
Breeding Habitat [3]  Generalist
Wintering Geography [3]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [3]  Generalist
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Endothermic [4]  100 %
Forages - Aerial [4]  20 %
Forages - Canopy [4]  80 %
Female Maturity [2]  1 year 12 months


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)[9]
Coccyzus americanus (Yellow-billed Cuckoo)[9]
Muscicapa striata (Blackpoll Warbler)[9]
Sturnella magna (Eastern Meadowlark)[9]
Vireo griseus (White-eyed Vireo)[9]

Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
3Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Meyer. 2002. The Short-tailed Hawk. In The Birds of North America, No. 674 Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
8Buechley ER, Santangeli A, Girardello M, et al. Global raptor research and conservation priorities: Tropical raptors fall prey to knowledge gaps. Divers Distrib. 2019;25:856–869.
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0