Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Cracticidae > Gymnorhina > Gymnorhina tibicen

Gymnorhina tibicen (Australian Magpie)

Synonyms: Coracias tibicen; Cracticus tibicen tibicen


Invasive Species

View ISSG Record: Gymnorhina tibicen

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.60281
EDGE Score: 2.15209


Adult Weight [1]  300 grams
Birth Weight [2]  16.2 grams
Female Weight [4]  297 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Ectothermic [3]  10 %
Diet - Endothermic [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  70 %
Diet - Scavenger [3]  10 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Clutch Size [1]  4
Clutches / Year [4]  1
Fledging [4]  28 days
Incubation [5]  21 days
Mating System [2]  Monogamy
Maximum Longevity [4]  21 years
Female Maturity [4]  1 year 6 months


Protected Areas


Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Southwest Australia Australia No

Emblem of

South Australia

Prey / Diet

Anostostoma australasiae (King Cricket)[6]
Nothomyrmecia macrops (Australian Ant)[6]
Phaulacridium vittatum (Wingless Grasshopper)[7]
Quercus robur (Pedunculate Oak)[8]
Tenodera australasiae (Purple-winged mantis)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap


Aquila audax (Wedge-tailed Eagle)[9]
Falco subniger (Black Falcon)[10]
Ninox strenua (Powerful Boobook)[11]


Parasitized by 
Echidnophaga gallinacea (sticktight flea)[12]
Oncicola pomatostomi[13]
Plagiorhynchus cylindraceus[8]

External References


Attributes / relations provided by
1A comparative analysis of some life-history traits between cooperatively and non-cooperatively breeding Australian passerines, ALDO POIANI and LARS SOMMER JERMIIN, Evolutionary Ecology, 1994, 8, 471-488
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
5del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
6Who's Eating Who
7Food of some birds in eastern New South Wales: additions to Barker & Vestjens. Emu 93(3): 195–199
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Breeding Biology and Diet of the Wedge-tailed Eagle Aquila audax in the New England Region of New South Wales, S.J.S. DEBUS, T.S. HATFIELD, A.J. LEY and A.B. ROSE, AUSTRALIAN FIELD ORNITHOLOGY 2007, 24, 93–120
10Some aspects of the biology of the Black Falcon Falco subniger S. J. S. Debus and J. Olsen, Corella, 2010, 35(1): 29–36
11Diet and habitat of the powerful owl (Ninox strenua) living near Melbourne, Elizabeth Lavazanian, M. App. Sc. thesis, Deakin University (1996)
12International Flea Database
13Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0