Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Caudata > Ambystomatidae > Dicamptodon > Dicamptodon tenebrosus

Dicamptodon tenebrosus (Pacific Giant Salamander; Coastal Giant Salamander)

Synonyms: Amblystoma tenebrosum; Ambystoma tenebrosum; Chondrotus tenebrosus; Xiphonura tenebrosa

Wikipedia Abstract

The coastal giant salamander (Dicamptodon tenebrosus) is a species of salamander in the Dicamptodontidae family (Pacific giant salamanders). It is endemic to the United States and Canada. There are three closely related species to this taxon: D. ensatus (California giant salamander), D. copei (Cope's giant salamander), and D. aterrimus (Idaho giant salamander).
View Wikipedia Record: Dicamptodon tenebrosus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 57.76
EDGE Score: 4.07


Adult Length [1]  13 inches (34 cm)
Litter Size [1]  115
Litters / Year [1]  1
Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Dicamptodon tenebrosus (Pacific Giant Salamander)[2]


Dicamptodon tenebrosus (Pacific Giant Salamander)[2]

Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0