Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fagales > Juglandaceae > Carya > Carya illinoiensis

Carya illinoiensis (pecan)



Bloom Period [1]  Early Spring
Drought Tolerance [1]  Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [1]  Low
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Frost Free Days [1]  6 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Fall
Growth Form [1]  Single Stem
Growth Period [1]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [1]  Slow
Janka Hardness [3]  1820 lbf (826 kgf) Hard
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [1]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Propagation [1]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [1]  32 inches (81 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  Slow
Seed Vigor [1]  Medium
Seeds Per [1]  130 / lb (287 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Erect
Specific Gravity [4]  0.66
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  Wood - coarse-grained, hard, heavy, brittle, not strong. It weighs 45 lb. per cubic foot. It is not as valuable a timber as other members of this genus and is used mainly for fuel and occasionally to make wagons and agricultural implements;
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  Slow
Flower Color [1]  Yellow
Foliage Color [1]  Yellow
Fruit Color [1]  Brown
Fruit Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Height [2]  164 feet (50 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Light Preference [1]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [1]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [1]  Very Rich
Water Use [1]  High
Screening - Summer [1]  Dense
Screening - Winter [1]  Porous
View Plants For A Future Record : Carya illinoiensis

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Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
4Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
5HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
8Sciurus griseus, Leslie N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 474, pp. 1-7 (1994)
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0