Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Scaphiopodidae > Scaphiopus > Scaphiopus holbrookii

Scaphiopus holbrookii (Eastern Spadefoot)


Wikipedia Abstract

Scaphiopus holbrookii, commonly known as the eastern spadefoot, is a species of American spadefoot toad (family Scaphiopodidae) endemic to the United States.
View Wikipedia Record: Scaphiopus holbrookii

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 49.54
EDGE Score: 3.92


Gestation [3]  8 days
Litter Size [3]  3,872
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [3]  12 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [2]  2.795 inches (7.1 cm)
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Female Maturity [3]  2 years
Male Maturity [3]  2 years


Protected Areas


Nerodia fasciata (Southern Water Snake)[4]
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)[4]
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)[4]

Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0