Animalia > Chordata > Mugiliformes > Mugilidae > Mugil > Mugil cephalus

Mugil cephalus (gray mullet; Striped mullet; Springer; Sea mullet; Sand mullet; River mullet; Poddy mullet; Poddies; Mullet; Mangrove mullet; Hardgut river mullet; Hardgut mullet; Haarder; Grey mullet; Flathead mullet; Flathead grey mullet; Flathead greymullet; Common mullet; Common grey mullet; Callifaver mullet; Bully mullet; Bully; Bright mullet; Black true mullet; Black mullet; Longaram mullet)

Language: Aceh; Afrikaans; Agutaynen; Albanian; Arabic; Arabic, Hassaniya; Bahasa Indonesia; Bengali; Bikol; Bulgarian; Cantonese; Carolinian; Catalan; Cebuano; Chamorro; Chavacano; Cotabato Chavacano; Creole, French; Croatian; Danish; Davawenyo; Dutch; Fijian; Finnish; Fon GBE; French; German; Greek; Gujarati; Hawaiian; Hebrew; Hiligaynon; Icelandic; Ilokano; Italian; Japanese; Javanese; Kagayanen; Kannada; Komoro; Korean; Krio; Kumak; Kuyunon; Malagasy; Malay; Malayalam; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Maori; Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug; Marathi; Misima-Paneati; Norwegian; Numee; Other; Palicur; Pangasinan; Papiamento; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Rapa; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Sinhalese; Slovenian; Somali; Spanish; Surigaonon; Swahili; Swedish; Tagalog; Tahitian; Tamil; Telugu; Tokelauan; Tongan; Turkish; Vietnamese; Waray-waray; Wolof

Wikipedia Abstract

The flathead grey mullet (Mugil cephalus) is an important food fish species in the mullet family Mugilidae. It is found in coastal tropical and subtropical waters worldwide. Its length is typically 30 to 75 centimetres (12 to 30 in). It is known with numerous English names, including the flathead mullet, striped mullet (US, American Fisheries Society name), black mullet, bully mullet, common mullet, grey mullet, sea mullet and mullet, among others.
View Wikipedia Record: Mugil cephalus



Brood Dispersal [3]  In the open
Brood Guarder [3]  No
Maximum Longevity [4]  16 years
Migration [1]  Catadromous
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Benthic, Rivers and Streams, Coastal, Brackish Water
Adult Weight [2]  9.70 lbs (4.40 kg)
Diet [1]  Planktivore, Detritivore
Female Maturity [4]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Aegean Drainages Greece Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Honshu - Shikoku - Kyushu Japan Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Italian Peninsula & Islands France, Italy, Malta, Monaco Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    

Protected Areas


Prey / Diet



External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
4Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Trophic structure and flows of energy in the Huizache–Caimanero lagoon complex on the Pacific coast of Mexico; Manuel J. Zetina-Rejón, Francisco Arreguı́n-Sánchez, Ernesto A. Chávez; Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 57 (2003) 803–815
7Production sources and food web structure of a temperate tidal estuary: integration of dietary and stable isotope data, Kirk O. Winemiller, Senol Akin, Steven C. Zeug, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 343: 63–76, 2007
8Diet of the blue marlin, Makaira nigricans, off the south coast of Portugal, Pedro Veiga, José Xavier, Carlos Assis and Karim Erzini
9Lafferty, K. D., R. F. Hechinger, J. C. Shaw, K. L. Whitney and A. M. Kuris (in press) Food webs and parasites in a salt marsh ecosystem. In Disease ecology: community structure and pathogen dynamics (eds S. Collinge and C. Ray). Oxford University Press, Oxford.
10Food of the Red Drum, Sciaenops ocellata, from Mississippi Sound, Robin M. Overstreet, Richard W. Heard, Gulf Research Reports, Vol. 6, No. 2, 131-135, 1978
11Sousa chinensis, Thomas A. Jefferson and Leszek Karczmarski, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 655, pp. 1–9 (2001)
12Feeding habits of the scalloped hammerhead shark, Sphyrna lewini, in Mazatlán waters, southern Gulf of California, Mexico, Yassir TORRES-ROJAS, Agustín HERNANDEZ-HERRERA & Felipe GALVAN-MAGAÑA, Cybium 2006, 30(4) suppl.: 85-90
13Diving behavior of blue-footed boobies Sula nebouxii in northern Peru in relation to sex, body size and prey type, Carlos B. Zavalaga, Silvano Benvenuti, Luigi Dall’Antonia, Steven D. Emslie, MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES 336: 291–303, 2007
14Stomach content analysis of Terapon jarbua (Forsskal) from Parangipettai coast, South East Coast of India, Manoharan J, Gopalakrishnan A, Varadharajan D, Thilagavathi B and Priyadharsini S, Adv. Appl. Sci. Res., 2012, 3(5):2605-2621
15Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
16Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0