Animalia > Chordata > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Leuciscus > Leuciscus idus

Leuciscus idus (Ide; Orfe; Silver orfe; Golden orfe; Geese)

Language: Bulgarian; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Hungarian; Italian; Latvian; Lithuanian; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Slovak; Slovenian; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

The ide (Leuciscus idus), or orfe is a freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae found across northern Europe and Asia. It occurs in larger rivers, ponds, and lakes, typically in schools. The name is from Swedish id, originally referring to its bright color (compare the German dialect word aitel 'a kind of bright fish' and Old High German eit 'funeral pyre, fire'). Ides are predators, eating insects, crustaceans, molluscs, and small fish. In the spring, they move into rivers to spawn over gravel or vegetation; the eggs may be found sticking to stones or weeds in shallow water.
View Wikipedia Record: Leuciscus idus


Invasive Species

View ISSG Record: Leuciscus idus


Adult Length [1]  30 inches (76 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Phytophils
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Litter Size [1]  114,000
Maximum Longevity [1]  30 years
Migration [3]  Potamodromous
Adult Weight [2]  4.85 lbs (2.20 kg)
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Female Maturity [1]  5 years 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  5 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Chesapeake Bay United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Northeast US & Southeast Canada Atlantic Drainages Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Prey / Diet

Alburnus alburnus (Bleak)[4]
Equisetum fluviatile (water horsetail)[5]
Potamogeton perfoliatus (claspingleaf pondweed)[5]
Rutilus rutilus (Roach)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Cygnus cygnus (Whooper Swan)1
Hydraecia micacea (potato stem worm)1
Liriomyza virgo1
Rutilus rutilus (Roach)1


Esox lucius (Jack)[4]


External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Åge Brabrand, Food of roach (Rutilus rutilus) and ide (Leusiscus idus): significance of diet shift for interspecific competition in omnivorous fishes, Oecologia Volume 66, Number 4 (1985), 461-467
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0