Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Asparagales > Amaryllidaceae > Allium > Allium sativum

Allium sativum (cultivated garlic)


Wikipedia Abstract

Allium sativum, commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion genus, Allium. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and rakkyo. With a history of over 7,000 years of human consumption and use, garlic is native to central Asia, and has long been a staple in the Mediterranean region, as well as a frequent seasoning in Asia, Africa, and Europe. It was known to Ancient Egyptians, and has been used both as a food flavoring and as a traditional medicine.
View Wikipedia Record: Allium sativum



Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  There have been cases of poisoning caused by the consumption, in large quantities and by some mammals, of this species. Dogs seem to be particularly susceptible;
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Bees, Insects, Lepidoptera
Structure [2]  Bulb
Usage [2]  The juice from the bulb is used as an insect repellent; It has a very strong smell and some people would prefer to be bitten; The juice can also be applied to any stings in order to ease the pain; 3 - 4 tablespoons of chopped garlic and 2 tablespoons of grated soap can be infused in 1 litre of boiling water, allowed to cool and then used as an insecticide; An excellent glue can be made from the juice; An extract of the plant can be used as a fungicide; It is used in the treatment of blight and mould or fungal diseases of tomatoes and potatoes; If a few cloves of garlic are spread amongst stored fruit, they will act to delay the fruit from rotting; The growing plant is said to repel insects, rabbits and moles;
Height [2]  24 inches (0.6 m)
Width [2]  6 inches (0.15 m)
View Plants For A Future Record : Allium sativum

Protected Areas



Parasitized by 
Puccinia porri[5]
Urocystis cepulae[5]


Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
3New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
4Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0