Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Perissodactyla > Equidae > Equus > Equus kiang

Equus kiang (kiang)


Wikipedia Abstract

The kiang (Equus kiang) is the largest of the wild asses. It is native to the Tibetan Plateau, where it inhabits montane and alpine grasslands. Its current range is restricted to Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir, plains of the Tibetan plateau and northern Nepal along the Tibetan border. Other common names for this species include Tibetan wild ass, khyang and gorkhar.
View Wikipedia Record: Equus kiang


Equus kiang holdereri (Eastern Kiang)
Equus kiang kiang (Western Kiang)
Equus kiang polyodon (Southern Kiang)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.33
EDGE Score: 2.51


Adult Weight [1]  688.948 lbs (312.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  79.367 lbs (36.00 kg)
Female Weight [3]  606.274 lbs (275.00 kg)
Male Weight [3]  826.738 lbs (375.00 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [3]  36.4 %
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 9 months
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 3 months
Gestation [4]  9 months 29 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [4]  1
Maximum Longevity [4]  30 years
Migration [5]  Intracontinental
Nocturnal [5]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [1]  7.806 feet (238 cm)


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Qiangtang Nature Reserve 73637404 China      
Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve 37634150 Qinghai, China      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No


Canis lupus (Wolf)[5]
Homo sapiens (man)[6]

Range Map

External References


Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Equus kiang (Perissodactyla: Equidae), ANTOINE ST-LOUIS AND STEEVE D. Côté, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 835:1–11 (2009)
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
5Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0