Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Gruiformes > Gruidae > Balearica > Balearica regulorum

Balearica regulorum (Grey Crowned Crane)

Wikipedia Abstract

The grey crowned crane (Balearica regulorum) is a bird in the crane family Gruidae. It occurs in dry savannah in Africa south of the Sahara, although it nests in somewhat wetter habitats. They can also be found in marshes, cultivated lands and grassy flatlands near rivers and lakes in Uganda and Kenya and as far south as South Africa. This animal does not migrate due to the perfect climate it inhabits. There are two subspecies. The East African B. r. gibbericeps (crested crane) occurs in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and in Uganda, of which it is the national bird represented in its national flag, and Kenya to eastern South Africa. It has a larger area of bare red facial skin above the white patch than the smaller nominate species, B. r. regulorum (South African crowned
View Wikipedia Record: Balearica regulorum

Infraspecies

Balearica regulorum gibbericeps (East African grey-crowned crane)
Balearica regulorum regulorum (South African grey-crowned crane)

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Balearica regulorum

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
60
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 12.0682
EDGE Score: 4.64962

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  8.157 lbs (3.70 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  152 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Ectothermic [3]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  40 %
Diet - Plants [3]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  20 %
Forages - Ground [3]  50 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  50 %
Clutch Size [6]  2
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Fledging [1]  60 days
Incubation [5]  30 days
Maximum Longevity [5]  27 years
Wing Span [7]  5.248 feet (1.6 m)
Female Maturity [4]  3 years
Male Maturity [4]  3 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No

Emblem of

Uganda

External References

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
5Intrinsic aging-related mortality in birds, Robert E. Ricklefs, JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY 31: 103–111. Copenhagen 2000
6Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
7Wildlife As Canon Sees It
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0