Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Caudata > Plethodontidae > Ensatina > Ensatina eschscholtzii

Ensatina eschscholtzii (Ensatina)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Ensatina eschscholtzii (commonly known by its genus name, Ensatina) is a complex of plethodontid (lungless) salamanders found in coniferous forests, oak woodland and chaparral from British Columbia, through Washington, Oregon, across California (where all seven subspecies variations are located), all the way down to Baja California in Mexico. The genus Ensatina originated approximately 21.5 million years ago.
View Wikipedia Record: Ensatina eschscholtzii

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 59.95
EDGE Score: 4.11


Adult Length [1]  6 inches (14.9 cm)
Gestation [2]  4 months 18 days
Litter Size [2]  14
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  15 years
Adult Weight [1]  61 grams
Female Maturity [2]  3 years 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  3 years 6 months


Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No


Parasitized by 
Batracholandros salamandrae[3]
Bitegmen gerrhonoti <Unverified Name>[3]
Cosmocercoides variabilis <Unverified Name>[3]

Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0