Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Caudata > Plethodontidae > Pseudotriton > Pseudotriton ruber

Pseudotriton ruber (Red Salamander)


Wikipedia Abstract

The red salamander (Pseudotriton ruber) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae endemic to the United States. Its skin is orange/red with random black spots.Its habitats are temperate forests, small creeks, ponds, forests, temperate shrubland, rivers, intermittent rivers, freshwater, trees springs. It is threatened by habitat loss. Red salamanders eat insects, spiders and smaller salamanders. The red salamander, as a member of the Plethodontidae family, lacks lungs and respires through its skin.
View Wikipedia Record: Pseudotriton ruber

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 25.56
EDGE Score: 3.28


Adult Length [2]  7 inches (18.1 cm)
Gestation [3]  75 days
Litter Size [3]  80
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [3]  20 years
Water Biome [1]  Rivers and Streams
Female Maturity [3]  5 years
Male Maturity [3]  4 years


Protected Areas


Parasitized by 
Amphibiocapillaria tritonispunctati[4]
Bothriocephalus rarus[4]

Range Map

External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0