Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Glycine > Glycine max

Glycine max (soybean; Soya-bean; Soyabean; Soya Bean; Soya; Soja; GM Soya; Fejao-soja; Boo-mae)

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Bloom Period [1]  Mid Summer
Drought Tolerance [1]  Medium
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [1]  None
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [1]  4 months 20 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Fall
Growth Form [1]  Single Crown
Growth Period [1]  Summer
Growth Rate [1]  Rapid
Hazards [2]  The raw mature seed is toxic and must be thoroughly cooked before being eaten; The sprouted raw seed is sometimes eaten and is considered to be a wholesome food.
Leaf Type [1]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Annual
Pollinators [2]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Propagation [1]  Seed
Root Depth [1]  8 inches (20 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  None
Seed Vigor [1]  High
Seeds Per [1]  4880 / lb (10759 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Erect
Structure [3]  Herb
Usage [2]  The seed contains up to 20% of an edible semi-drying oil; It is non-drying according to another report; This oil has a very wide range of applications and is commonly used in the chemical industry; The oil is used industrially in the manufacture of paints, linoleum, oilcloth, printing inks, soap, insecticides, and disinfectants; Lecithin phospholipids, obtained as a by-product of the oil industry, are used as a wetting and stabilizing agent in food, cosmetic, pharmaceutical, leather, paint, plastic, soap, and detergent industries; Both the meal and the soy bean protein are used in the manufacture of synthetic fibre, adhesives, textile sizing, waterproofing, fire-fighting foam and many other uses; The plant is sometimes grown as a green manure; The straw can be used to make paper, stiffer than that made from wheat straw; The plant is an excellent source of biomass. The oil from the seeds can be used as a diesel fuel whilst the stems can be burnt as a fuel;
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  None
Flower Color [1]  Purple
Foliage Color [1]  Green
Fruit Color [1]  Brown
Flower Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Height [2]  24 inches (0.6 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Light Preference [1]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [1]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [1]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Screening - Summer [1]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [1]  Porous
View Plants For A Future Record : Glycine max

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  



Parasitized by 
Helicotylenchus dihystera (Steiner's spiral nematode)[8]
Hemicriconemoides mangiferae[8]
Peronospora manshurica[5]


Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Anticarsia gemmatalis (Hübner) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), Kathryn A. Barbara, University of Florida, September 2000. Latest revision: June 2014
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0